How to teach a child to talk
Each mother looks forward to the first words of her baby – this is not only an indicator of the full development of the baby and the subject of maternal pride, but also an opportunity to better understand the youngster, who is already showing character. Even if the mother is able to almost always guess that she does not like the crumbs, speech communication makes this process much easier.
Responsible parents do not abandon the training of the little one – most modern moms and dads are familiar with the stories of Mowgli children who, in the absence of human communication, have not developed. In addition, watching while walking for other people’s kids who already a year can talk well, mothers of silent learn how to teach the child to speak. Intuitively, many parents often use classical methods of teaching speech, but if the process is tight and you want to speed it up, it is important to understand what stages of speech development each kid has to go through and what methods to use correctly for his learning.
Fundamentals of human speech are laid in the period of purely emotional communication of crumbs with others – in the first half of life. Mastering of speech skills goes through several stages:
- Stage of the walk , which on average accounts for 2-3 months of life. During this period, the baby becomes animated at the sight of the parents and reproduces the long-sounding vowels and syllables with the throat consonants (classical agu, gu, gy). Against this background, syllables occur occasionally, in which there are labial (b, n, c, y and o) and front-lingual (t, d, n, n) sounds. Gradually, the walk goes to babbling.
- Repeated syllables with the use of labial or front-language consonants (ma-ma-ma, ba-ba-ba, etc.) appear for 5 to 7 months.
- By the 8th month babies understand Simple words with which adults approach them.
- First word the child on the average pronounces in 10 months – a year, but it happens that simple words (not mama) crumb say before this date. During this period, the speech of the baby looks like a combination of babbling and babbling (ma-ma, pa-pa, av-av, am, dai-dai, etc.).
- In a year the vocabulary on the average is 10 consciously pronounced words. After about a year and a half years, the kid uses simplified (baba) or onomatopoeic (bibika) words. At the same time the kid understands much more than he can say, and after 1.3 years is able to perform simple tasks.
- After one and a half years the child actively uses about 40-70 words. For the most part, these are names of surrounding objects and names, that is, nouns. Less commonly used are adjectives, and even less often verbs and pronouns. Phrase speech develops, but the karapuz prefers to talk with sentences of two words.
- More verbose offers the baby speaks in a year and 10 months, but in these sentences the grammatical relationship may not be properly constructed.
- At the age of 2 years the kid actively uses 100-300 words, builds expanded phrases and correctly uses several grammatical forms.
- The third year of life – the era of active vocabulary increase (from 300 to 800 words), the use of verbs and adjectives. With the baby you can fully communicate, but understanding his speech complicates the imperfect articulation (complex sounds are replaced by a simple cap – hoe, etc.).
- Simplest judgments and inferences come to the fourth year.