Conjunctivitis in newborns
One of the frequent diseases in newborns and young children is conjunctivitis. Conjunctivitis – an inflammation of the transparent coat of the eye (conjunctiva), manifested by lacrimation, photophobia, reddening of the eye, the presence of mucous or mucopurulent discharge, pain and a sense of foreign body in the eye.
There are many reasons that lead to the development of conjunctivitis, but most often occur bacterial, viral and allergic conjunctivitis.
Causes of conjunctivitis in newborns
To the development of purulent conjunctiva can lead to the presence of a newborn septic-septic diseases, non-compliance with the hygienic regime in the hospital, defects in the care of the newborn. Not infrequently, the cause of conjunctivitis is the pathology of the tear ducts.
Types of conjunctivitis depending on the etiology
- Bacterial – are caused by bacterial agents (staphylococcal, streptococcal, pneumococcal, diphtheria, gonococcal, etc.);
- Viral – are caused by viruses (adenovirus, herpetic, etc.);
- Allergic – as a result of the action of the allergen (medicamentous, hay conjunctivitis, spring catarrh, etc.);
- Autoimmune – caused by autoimmune processes in the body.