Asphyxia of newborns or hypoxia (impaired breathing) of the fetus and the born infant: causes of pathology, therapy and possible complications
Asphyxia of newborns is characterized by physicians, like oxygen starvation of the fetus during pregnancy, appearance and postnatal adaptation. The most dangerous consequence of this condition is the complete withering away of the brain cells, as a result of which the life support organs cease to perform their functions. In special cases, the body is restored without the intervention of doctors or with medical treatment. But with the death of a large percentage of brain cells, the consequences of pathology become irreversible.
Asphyxia of newborns and complete respiratory arrest occurs in about four out of every 100 premature infants. Up to 15% of newborns suffer from partial respiratory depression. With the rapid response of doctors, timely diagnosis and treatment can reduce the consequences and smooth the damage done to the body.
By the time of occurrence of suffocation, two forms of the disease are distinguished:
- Primary, manifested at the time of delivery. Due to emergency care, there is an optimal opportunity for prompt diagnosis and solution of the problem.
- Secondary, develops spontaneously. The baby feels well after birth, but after a few hours he develops respiratory pathology. At the slightest oversight, the consequences of such a violation are seriously aggravated.