Allergies in children
Every year our ecology is getting worse and worse. And this can not but affect the health of people. In recent years, there has been a significant increase in allergic reactions, especially among children.
Allergy is a specific response of the immune system to foreign agents, including physical factors.
Theoretically, an allergy can develop on anything. Why, some children do not have any manifestations of an allergic reaction, but others have it, let’s try to figure it out. So, there are several main reasons that can lead to the development of allergies.
In the first place put heredity. If at least one of the parents has a tendency to be allergic, the probability of developing the disease in the child is 35-40%, and if both parents are ill, then the probability rises to 75%.
Improper diet. And it is important not only the nutrition of the child, but also mothers during pregnancy and feeding. So, children who are on artificial feeding, are more susceptible to allergies (since the mixtures are made on the basis of cow’s milk protein, which is a strong allergen). Also, the development of allergies can cause abuse of the mother, and later a child, allergenic foods (citrus fruits, chocolate, eggs, strawberries, nuts and others).
Detection of allergen - elimination of contact with it. Creating a hypoallergenic environment for the child.
Dietotherapy - for infants, preference is given to breastfeeding, for older children, food should be hypoallergenic, especially during the period of exacerbation.
After consulting a doctor, you can apply drug therapy: antihistamines (both local and systemic actions), probiotics, vitamins, enzymes and others.
Treatment is selected individually depending on the age, form and severity of the disease.
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