Massage has long been used as a tool for the treatment and prevention of many diseases in newborns.
However, not everyone has the opportunity to pay for expensive massages for newborns. And often kiddies need several courses of procedures (at least 10). Below, I suggest that you familiarize yourself with the basic principles of the smallest massage.
By the way, the massage performed directly by the mother helps to strengthen the emotional connection between her and the child. The first sessions should be carried out under the supervision of a doctor to ensure the correctness of their actions.
As with any medical procedure, massage has its own indications and contraindications.
Many of them are the most common: diseases of the respiratory system (pneumonia, bronchitis), diseases of the musculoskeletal system (flatfoot, curvature of the spine), diseases and consequences of injuries of the nervous system (effects of hypoxia in childbirth, dtsp, neuroses, etc.) .
Of course, massage will not bring any harm to healthy children. And vice versa – only the pleasure of additional tactile contact with my mother’s hands.
Acute infectious diseases, rickets, hernias, congenital heart defects, acute inflammatory skin diseases.
The basic rules of massage for a child
It is necessary to create a comfortable environment for the child – make sure that he is not cold, not stuffy, comfortable to lie down.
It is better to begin the procedure in an hour and a half after feeding. Make sure your nails are cut short and there are no decorations on your hands that may cause discomfort.
The skin of the child should be clean. Many use cream or petroleum jelly, however, experts recommend special massage oils that do not clog pores. Consult a doctor beforehand regarding the use of aromatic oils, because of the risk of an allergic reaction.
During the massage, it is necessary to keep in touch with the child – to talk, tell fairy tales, sing songs, voice your actions.
Basic massage techniques
Stroking, rubbing, kneading, tapping, tingling and vibration. Different techniques have different effects on the nervous system of the child – some relax, others excite her. The muscles also react differently. By stroking, rubbing, kneading, they respond with relaxation; for the remaining receptions – reduction.
The direction of movement is different for different readings. For example, in pneumonia and bronchitis, the purpose of massage is to stimulate the outflow and release of sputum. Therefore, with your movements you need to show the way out of sputum – this is stroking in the area of the lungs towards the neck.
Very often, newborn massage is prescribed for hypertonic muscle and dysplasia.
Massage with hypertonia (increased tension) muscles
It is better to start with strokes to relax muscles and relieve pain. Next, you should proceed to the general relaxing techniques – exercises rocker (take the kid under the armpits and swing him left and right). Next – exercise cradle (put on top of the upper and lower parts of the back and perform swaying actions).
Massage for hip dysplasia
In this case, it is better to entrust the massage to a specialist, however, some simple elements can be done on your own: stroking fingers (on the arms, legs, back, head) and rubbing (more intensive than stroking on the same zones, in circular movements).
By the way, light stroking with circular movements (clockwise) of the abdomen relieves colic pain in most babies.
Tactile sensations of the child – one of the ways of knowing the world. Tell him about your love with their help!