Indoor flowers! Care of flowers
An important component in indoor floriculture is land, the quality of plants depends not only on heat, moisture and light, but also to a large extent on the land, which in turn must correspond to the needs of indoor plants. It may not be necessary in the vicinity of the locality, however, various earth mixtures are used to grow indoor plants.
For different plants, it is necessary to make a special mixture of different types of land suitable for the requirements of plants, also taking into account their origin. Indoor plants that are planted in flower gardens or grown in pots have a limited area of nutrition, so they need a good land that is rich in nutrients. Make it by mixing peat, deciduous, turf, humus, compost and heathlands.
Great importance for the normal development of indoor plants is their reaction to the soil solution. It has been repeatedly established that pelargonium, begonia, chrysanthemum, fuchsia, fern and cyclamen need weakly acidic soils; senpolia, hydrangea, rhododendron and azalea like acid soils; many plants grow well on slightly alkaline soils, and lily, asparagus, cloves and cineraria grow best on alkaline soils. Peat, coniferous and heathy lands belong to acid soils.
To weakly alkaline or neutral the turf ground, which is harvested on chernozems, is classified. In pastures, non-acid meadows (not low-lying), pastures, where grassy grasses grow, as well as legumes rich in nitrogen – they harvested the Sod land. It is impossible to prepare soddy land on acidic, swampy and solonetzic soils. The sod land is added to almost all the mixtures. Acutely in her need potted floral plants. Clay – turf ground is necessary for the following houseplants of cloves, gillyflowers, heliotrope, pelargonium. It is vital for palms, roses, geraniums, citrus plants, aspidistra and others and is important for the rapid rooting of cuttings of mezembriantemum, glue, geraniums, which simply rot in a humus-rich land.
Flower growers have long noticed the positive effect of light water on indoor plants. It has been experimentally established that it develops plants and accelerates growth. In addition, it does not salivate the land. The effect of this water on cyclamens is clearly visible: the color of the flowers is brighter, they blossom more abundantly, the flowering is more prolonged. Water from snow especially affects the development of primroses, chrysanthemums, begonias, pelargonium, ferns and other indoor flowers and plants. Room flowers can be poured with water from various rivers and ponds. Tap water before watering should be settled. An important role for the best growth of indoor flowers and plants is the water temperature. It is necessary that before watering it is settled for at least 12 hours in the room where flowers grow.
A good effect is watering the plant with water, the temperature of which is 5-7 ° C higher, from the air temperature in the room. You can not water plants with warm water if the plants are in cool places at rest. If the plants are watered with cold water, the roots and stems decay; can fall off buds and leaves, which leads them to death. The necessary time for watering plants is established depending on the season: in summer hot months watered in the evening, because at night the water evaporates less; in the autumn and in the winter - in the morning. To prevent burns, do not water and spray plants that are lit by direct sunlight.
In order for the water not to stay in the pots when watering, water should be placed on the openings under the water's drain with broken shards (bulges upward), large sand is spilled on them, preferably with small pieces of charcoal. This layer serves as drainage for irrigation. Above the drainage layer is poured a light earth - humus or deciduous - with an abundant admixture of sand (which allows better flow of excess water). Requirements for land following it should be loose, warm, do not contain weed seeds and absorb moisture well.
The dishes with the ground are shaken before sowing, so that the earth will sit down, its surface moistened and leveled. The greatest influence on the successful cultivation of plants is the germination of seeds.
In the stores you can find seeds that have already been tested for germination: however, if you have decided on the seeds to be purchased from amateur gardeners, be aware that such seeds may not partially ascend, so to test their germination, they must first be germinated.
Planting of seeds is as follows: among the seeds are selected large, after which they are put on the surface of the earth, then they are pressed into the ground with a stick and covered with the top layer of the earth, this layer should not be thicker than the size of the seed. Small seeds are mixed with dry sand or earth for uniform sowing. Sow this mixture from a bent sheet of white paper or a sachet. It will not be difficult to learn such a crop, it is enough to try to evenly sow sand on the ground, then, as exactly it lies, it will be perfectly visible on the black earth. Small seeds when planting to fill the upper layer of the earth is not worth it. It's enough to press them with a board.
Cuttings should be planted in early spring, early March, this contributes to their rooting. But for evergreens, like pelargonium, cuttings can be rooted in August. They are beautifully developed throughout the autumn, and for the winter they can give a rich color. It must be remembered that after each transplantation of plants, they must be hidden from direct sun exposure.