How to treat aquarium fish with table salt?
There are also a lot of diseases of aquarium and ornamental fish, and not everybody can correctly diagnose a sick fish. And if you do not know from which disease to treat, then you will not choose the right medicine, well, unless you are lucky and by scientific method you immediately buy the right one.
At random picking up drugs, you can waste a lot of time and money. And if the money for the native fish may not be a pity, then you will not return the lost time … In short, we will not argue that the title drug is the best in the world, but in some cases its use is still quite justified, and not only economically.
For example, salt
This is a traditional folk treatment of fish. Salt how much in vain, one and all, and when necessary, and when not necessary.
First, I will list the cases when and whom it is not necessary: do not salt somkas, especially corridors and thoracacums, but pterigoplichts with antsistrus and other suckers do not like it. It is especially harmful to arrange them long baths in the general aquarium with low salt concentrations. Sumatran barb and its variants, for example, a mutant (also known as mossy barb), do not like salt.
Care should be treated with salt young labyrinth fish. As a rule, they do not tolerate short-term baths with a salt concentration of more than 1.5%. Lower concentration in the short-term bathing of fish is already little effective.
Therefore, some razvodchiki little by little (1-2 teaspoons per 10 liters) salt them directly in the nursery aquarium. Fish gradually get used to increased salinity, while they do get less sick, but the trouble is, they can not then live in fresh water.
Do not use salt in common ornamental aquariums with plants. Higher aquatic plants do not like high concentrations of sodium ions and chlorine, but the algae, which so maliciously spoil the entire design, they do not interfere with reproduction without measure. And finally, do not use table salt for the treatment of ichthyophthiriosis (at least one salt).
And when the use of salt is justified?
Short salt baths are good for such diseases of aquarium fish as saprolegnosis, bone disease, oodiniumosis, chilodonellosis, trichodynosis, apiosomas, tetrachimenosis, gyrodactylosis, and dactylogyrosis. Saprolegniosis is a fungal disease (bunches of white fluff on the lips, fins, wounds in fish), the rest are caused by various ectoparasites.
Specific means of dealing with them can be completely different, but rather high concentrations of salt kill them all.
With all these ailments, fish begin to scratch about the soil and leaves of plants, on their body becomes noticeable from (sometimes only at a certain position of the fish in relation to the observer), the fins of the fish are compressed, they stay near the water surface near the air diffuser or in the corners of the aquarium. If you have noticed these signs of trouble, but you can’t make a definite diagnosis, it’s best to first make sure that the conditions in the aquarium are quite acceptable for the life of the fish (you can use Article 5 of the parameters to understand the aquarium hydrochemistry …). And if it turns out that it is quite possible to live in your aquarium, but for some reason the fish are bad, then only it will be possible to decide that the fish are likely to be sick and begin their treatment.
Short-term salt bath in this case may well be the best choice. How to do it in all details is described in the article Hilodonellosis.
Here I want to once again draw the attention of readers to the need for an accurate selection of the concentration of the salt solution.
Guaranteed to kill all evil 4-5% solution, but a rare aquarium fish will last even 1-2 minutes, not to mention the minimum required five. But even 1.5-1.7% solution has a significant therapeutic effect. He is able to move almost all the fish within 10-15 minutes.
With the urgent need for it, you can buy somics. With experience comes an intuitive understanding of what strength the solution will benefit the fish, but for now there is little experience, perform the bathing procedure with one or two of the most low-value fish, and then bathe everyone else.
As a rule, 2% solution is optimal (bathing time 10 minutes). Watch fish very carefully. If they start to push out of the water, they lie on the surface on their side and cannot go down, then the procedure must be urgently stopped.
During bathing the tank with fish should be moderately aerated.