Good day, friends. Today we will talk about how to quarantine purchased fish correctly.
This topic is quite relevant, as in many aquarium forums there are a lot of open discussions about: “Help me decide on the fish disease” or something like that. Why all? Yes, because most novice aquarists do not put newly purchased fish in quarantine.
And this, as you understood, is fraught with undesirable consequences both for the aquarist in the form of a smut and for the inhabitants of the can, that is, aquarium fish. But still let’s talk according to plan.
First we need to remember what diseases are. To do this, I suggest you read a series of articles on fish diseases. You can do this for this, this and this link.
Next, let’s still define – what is quarantine? Fish quarantine is when an aquarist is placed in a special aquarium of purchased fish in order to detect various diseases or to prevent diseases.
In fact, the process of quarantine of fish is not a complicated process, it just takes a certain period of time, that’s all. And so, let’s deal with the main aspects of the quarantine and important details.
The plan of today’s article is as follows:
– General provisions during the quarantine;
– Basic requirements for quarantine;
– We are determined with the term of quarantine.
After the aquarist has bought a new fish for his home aquarium, whether for a discus, or for a cichlid or any other new inhabitant, it is advisable to place it in a quarantine aquarium in which the disinfectant is dissolved. Experienced aquarists use methylene blue, malachite green, trypaflavin and many other preparations for the purposes of prophylaxis.
The only point is that the dosage should be less than that when you are treating with these drugs. As a disinfectant, a weak solution of potassium permanganate is also widely distributed.
Quarantine for new fish is the most important procedure, since it is not known how things are in the aquarium with sores, from where you got your neonchik or a Sumatran robber. In terms of quarantine can be made in different ways, basically it takes from two to three weeks, and preferably more. This is done in order to give time to any sore to be activated during this time.
There are diseases that have an incubation period of more than a month.
Some lovers of aquariums do not conduct quarantine at all, considering it an unnecessary procedure, they say the sick fish can be seen immediately. However, it is not worth it to count so lightly on this, as I have already said – the incubation period is different.
Another push to the active development of the disease or the parasite can be stress, obtained by transporting the fish home. How to transport aquarium fish you can read here.
What does a fish quarantine mean? First of all, in a quarantine aquarium there are completely different conditions for maintenance.
As quarantine, choose an aqua depending on the species preferences of the fish. To give you an example?
Well, let’s say for adults of goldfish in the amount of two pieces, you will need 50 liters of aqua liters, but for a dozen cherry barbs you will need a 20 liter can.
As a rule, the ground is not laid in the quarantine aquarium, plants are not planted, as there is no place. The only thing that is useful for such akvas is different shelters for fish.
This will help reduce stress. Alternatively, you can use a small amount of plastic plants.
The main thing is that all the elements of decor and shelter do not hide from your gaze virtually the entire space of the aquarium and you can monitor the condition of aqua inhabitants.
A mandatory attribute in a quarantine aquarium is a heater, a thermometer, a filter, and of course a cover with a lamp. To the fish calmed down and experienced as little stress as possible, put a quarantine aquarium somewhere not on the prohodnyak. It will not be very comfortable for the fish if the door is constantly slammed next to the can.
If suddenly, after a couple of weeks spent in quarantine, you have a suspicion crept in, but you don’t see any visible signs of illness on the body, if the fish have become depressed, very fearful and not very active, do not stop the quarantine. Better watch the living creatures for a few more weeks.
But if the fish is already clearly sick, then it should be removed from the quarantine and begin to receive treatment in stronger doses of drugs. During quarantine, you will need to change the water more than once a week, as it usually happens in the general aquarium, but several times.
Do not forget about intensive aeration and filtration. The use of activated carbon is not necessary, you can only process the sponge and wash it more often under warm water every 3 days.
It is advisable to use the full quarantine, that is, to keep the fish in a special bank at least a month. You’re not in a hurry, are you? Yes, and why in this case haste, it is better to do everything as it should and without any hassle, than to hurry and find another smut.
If you miss, or do not stand the fish in quarantine, then in case of a flash of a sore, it is extremely difficult to cure the inhabitants in the general aquarium, and in some cases it is completely impossible. I hope you agree with me?