The appearance of bacterial, fungal and protozoal infections in the home aquarium is a pressing issue. To help aquarist come funds, the main ingredient of which is malachite green. Most often on the shelves there are ready-made solutions produced by “ZoWorld” with a volume of 50 ml.
Before using the tool, it is necessary to deal with the dosage, and for which fish the medicinal preparation is suitable.
Malachite green is designed for labyrinth and viviparous fish. The substance is effective in combating the simplest ectoparasites that cause fatal diseases in fish.
Medicine for an aquarium is applied in the form of a solution. To eliminate parasites in the general vessel, dilution in water with copper sulfate is allowed.
The drug relieves aquarium pets from diseases:
- fin rot;
- ichthyophthyriosis (“semolina”).
As well as a number of other invasive diseases, during which parasites infect the external and internal tissues and organs of fish.
The drug is used to treat adult fish covered with scales:
Processing of scaleless aquarium fish is allowed, if you reduce the dose by half, but with a lack of experience it is better to use other means.
In its pure form, malachite green is represented by a crystal-like substance of greenish or yellow color with a metallic luster. Easily soluble in water.
You can purchase an air conditioner that contains zinc or not. Distributed by the drug production “Zohom” with a convenient package, equipped with a measuring cap that holds 5 ml of the drug.
ZooMir conditioner is available in 50 ml volumes. The composition contains 10 mg of malachite green.
A full bottle of conditioner can be used to process a 100-liter aquarium.
When using it is necessary to follow the instructions attached to the preparation. It is recommended to separate healthy fish from infected ones.
For a convenient device for therapeutic baths, it is desirable to have a quarantine aquarium.
The first two days, the concentration of the therapeutic solution is calculated using the formula 5 ml per 2 liters of water, and on the following days 5 ml of the preparation is added for every 1.5 liters of water. The fish are kept in solution for 5 hours, then placed in clean water. Aeration should be constant, the temperature of the water – in the range of 24-28 degrees, the pH – from 5.5 to 7.
It should be borne in mind that in alkaline and too warm water, the solution becomes toxic and can cause poisoning in aquarium pets. Periodic water changes are made by 25%.
For each new procedure, a fresh solution is prepared.
Use in an aquarium with sick and healthy fish requires a lower dosage: for every 10 liters, 5 ml (one cap) of the preparation is added. Both in the quarantine and in the general aquarium, the water temperature is raised to 28 degrees.
For the purpose of prevention and treatment, you can prepare a solution using copper sulfate.
For a 10-liter container, 5 drops of copper salt and 5 ml of malachite green are mixed, then diluted in 250 ml of pure distilled water. The combined solution is divided into three equal portions and poured at intervals of 20-30 minutes.
The treatment is carried out every week for a month, if necessary, the period is extended.
Store the drug should be in a dry, dark place at room temperature. Shelf life – no more than 24 months. If the air conditioner has been exposed to cold temperatures, a precipitate forms.
In this case, warm the contents of the vial to room temperature and shake well.
The drug is intended only for adult scaly fish. It is necessary to strictly observe the dosage and schedule of treatment, the parameters of water.
During treatment, fish require increased attention.
Do not use in a tank populated by young fish and fry. Do not use the air conditioner together with other drugs containing such a substance, as this would entail an increase in dosage and subsequent poisoning of the fish. No side effects on the condition of the fish were noted.
There is a temporary coloration of water and some decorations in green.
Treatment of fish involves subtleties and nuances that are not always spelled out in the instructions for the preparation: