Blackbeard – a weed algae that covers the leaves and trunks of underwater plants, stones and other objects in the aquarium. Blackbeard grows in aquariums, where water is rarely changed, this plant covers even the walls of the tank.
Blackbeard is the thinnest plexus of black and dark green villi that envelop everything around like fluff.
Often, aquarium lovers themselves can accidentally make the appearance of a beard in their aquarium, because the causes of appearance are fairly commonplace. Here are some of the possible:
- Rare water change. Nitrates and phosphates accumulate in the aquarium, which allows algae to start developing if you haven’t cleaned it for a long time.
- Lack of light. If you have not changed the lamps in the aquarium for a long time, their brightness becomes weaker, and in the dim light the algae begin to multiply actively.
- Excess feed. Some fish feed on a black beard, because it is an alga, but they will not do this with an excess of food.
- A large number of fish in the aquarium. Causes – the accumulation of nitrates and phosphates.
- Accumulation in the soil. With strong filtration or when digging in the ground with large fish, the remnants of biomass and food rise to the upper layers. Thus, the hiding algae finds more favorable conditions for further reproduction.
- Settling of infected plants or decorative elements (snags, stones, etc.). To prevent a disease, when buying a new plant or decorative element, move it in the water (just not in the aquarium!), And check if there are fluttering black lint on it. If it is, it is infected.
Finding a black beard is quite simple – the appearance of black-green threads (fluffy processes) on various surfaces or plants. But even if there are no obvious signs, it does not mean that the disease has not already appeared inside the aquarium and is just waiting in the wings.
How to get rid of a black beard every aquarist should know. It is necessary to fight the parasite as soon as they appear. There are several methods for cleaning the parasite aquarium:
Chemistry gives the fastest result, but can harm the fish and snails, and therefore remove them during the treatment of the reservoir. Processing with chemicals is troublesome.
It is chosen in the event that a lot of black beard.
With timely response to the appearance of the parasite, there is enough biological method. Mechanical cleaning is tedious and is used only if there is no other way to destroy black algae.
Depending on personal preferences, the owner of the reservoir chooses how to get rid of the black beard in the aquarium.
Mechanical cleansing has a serious disadvantage associated with the complete violation of the established world of the aquarium. Before the procedure, aquarium fish first replant their aquarium in a reserve capacity, and then completely drain the water.
Plants should be cleaned in a bucket of water separately from the fish.
The soil is washed and calcined for 1 hour. The decorative elements are washed with a hard brush (on the glossy surface from it may remain bands with strong friction) and put for 15 minutes in a strong solution of manganese.
The aquarium is washed and wiped with the same manganese solution. Ideally, fill the container with water and dilute the manganese in it to a bright pink color. Leave the antiseptic for 3 hours.
After that, the aquarium is washed, the ground is laid on the bottom and clean water is poured.
Plants should be treated with a solution of hydrogen peroxide, manganese or methylene blue. The procedure takes from 5 to 10 minutes.
Gentle plants are kept in antiseptic no more than 5 minutes. After that, they return to a permanent place.
Such a restart of the aquarium is needed when there is also a turbidity of water.
Chemical effects completely destroy even the abundant accumulations of black beard. For cleaning use such tools – antibiotics, hydrogen peroxide, saydeks and furatsilin. For fish and shellfish, medications are dangerous, and therefore they must be deposited beforehand.
After getting rid of the black beard, before returning the tenants back, you should completely replace the water. It is also useful to clean the soil and decor before settling.
Baking soda has a less dangerous chemical effect. It is added to the aquarium at the rate of 1 g / 5 l of water.
Soda changes the pH, causing the algae to become uncomfortable and it disappears. Some inhabitants do not tolerate an alkaline environment.
Before you add soda, specify the exactingness of pets.
Biological methods of fighting with a black beard include the introduction into the aquarium of fish that eat black thread, or planting fast-growing plants that actively absorb organic matter.
The biological control method is good for getting rid of the early development of the parasite and for preventing its occurrence.
Eliminate the problem of fish of the following types:
Snails eliminate black threads in the reservoir can not. Keep fish cleaners need at the rate of 1 individual per 30 l.
The growth of black beard is suppressed by popular aquarium plants – water plague and cabomba. They eliminate the nutrient medium for the parasite, and this displaces it.
How to get rid of the aquarium from the black beard is better to know in advance before the problem.
So, various effective ways of dealing with a black beard, according to the authors.
Most of all, the aquarist is saddened by the appearance of algae in the aquarium, the purple bug, or kompsopogon, which is popularly called the “black beard”. The fight against these algae is much more difficult than with all the others.
Black beard tassels are useless to peel, poison with chemistry. They stubbornly appear here and there.
The most reliable, but not very fast way to get rid of purple is a painstaking and constant change of water and cleaning the soil. In a day, 10-15% of water with surface cleaning is replaced in the aquarium.
This should be done constantly, avoiding interruptions, then in 1.5-2 months the “beard” will practically crumble. Its small islands, occasionally found on stones, old leaves of plants, do not spoil the overall picture.
Previously proposed control recipes, based on a pH shift, require careful monitoring of the state of the environment. Otherwise, the harm done to fish and plants can be irreparable. It is also recommended to dip the plant in a dilute solution of acetic acid for a few seconds, and then rinse thoroughly.
Plants such a short stay in an aggressive environment for them does not hurt much, and purple in a few days will fade and crumble.
The main method of dealing with the “black beard” is the mechanical cleaning of the affected areas with a stiff brush, however, if even a small dot remains, then another bunch of algae will necessarily grow from it.
It is better not to create conditions for the reproduction of this alga (if it still got into the aquarium) by regularly cleaning the aquarium, replacing the old water with fresh. To avoid flip flops in the aquarium, you can only buy deliberately clean aquarium plants on the zoo market.
If at least one sheet of the plant you notice a hair of a dark color, then refuse to purchase.
Black beard in the aquarium delivers a lot of trouble and fight it very hard. If aqua is current-minimized, reduce daylight hours and increase substitution, and add fast-growing plants such as comforum.
P.s. – There is a drug from algae – Saydeks, honestly did not try, but it seems like the people are praising.)) Try to get SAE, they eat a good beard.
So gradually over three months, my filter was covered with a black beard or Vietnamese. What does grow where there is more light from the lamp.
Many write. that the light does not affect the Vietnamese, but my observations show that it is not.
Try to get the Siamese epalceorinchs, on the Internet and in books they write that they very well clean the aqua from any unnecessary algae. You can buy Saydeks – difficult and toxic! Do not disable the filter.
You can try to buy a killer (in the store) but not a panacea.
Black beard usually occurs because of an imbalance in the bank. So even if restarting aquas is not a fact that a beard will not appear again. Itself now I try to make it, even restarting after 3 months did not help, this muck again appeared.
Now I want to make a generator for plant nutrition. Although seemingly eliminated the problem with a killer – but there is an imbalance.
Most importantly, do not buy anything, everything you need to find in your own kitchen. This method is as follows.
Take out the plants with affected leaves from the aquarium and immerse them in 3 to 7% vinegar and dilute about twice the water from the aquarium. Great accuracy of manipulations here do not need a percentage solution of ordinary table vinegar (apple vinegar can be used) for 5-6 minutes.
Acetic acid for other inhabitants of the aquarium is little toxic and therefore do not need to be afraid of poisoning. After processing, the plant should be rinsed in aquarium water and put in place.
Dip the root system in vinegar should not be, because then it is difficult to remove from there. This procedure is well tolerated by the anubiasses, echinodoruses, cryptocarins, and others already mentioned above.
The same can be done with stones and snags. You can soak for 1 hour in hydrogen peroxide and soak for 30 minutes in aquarium water and then.
To protect yourself in the future and not accidentally make a beard in your aquarium – you just need to watch it.
- Do not forget to periodically change the water.
- Provide enough light for the plants.
- Do not overcrowd the aquarium.
- New fishes and plants provide a 14-day quarantine. Plants need to be disinfected. Bicillin-5 (a dose of 15 thousand units per 1 liter of water) or penicillin (5 mg per 1 liter of water) can help. We place new plants in a vessel with water (25-26 degrees, depending on the plant), put the first 2 hours in the shade, then in the lit place. We add a solution for disinfection 1 time per 24 hours, do not forget to replace water before this. Many razvodchiki use bleach, it fights quite effectively, but poorly washed off, as well, it is poorly tolerated by helode, kabomba and anubias. Hydrogen peroxide is sometimes used (20 ml per 100 liters of water once a day).
- Do not allow the level of nitrates to be more than 5 mg per 1 liter of water.
- Do not overfeed fish.
Observance of all these not so difficult rules, will provide hygiene to your aquarium.
Video: getting rid of black beard (drastic measures)
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