Главная 7 Fish diseases 7 Fish tuberculosis (mycobacteriosis): symptoms, photo and treatment

Fish tuberculosis (mycobacteriosis): symptoms, photo and treatment

Dear colleagues! Today we will talk with you about aquarium fish diseases and on the agenda we have fish tuberculosis. The causative agent of this infectious disease is the bacterium Mycobacterium piscium which looks like a fixed stick.

When the pathogen enters, several fish are infected at the same time. The labyrinth, carp, harazinki and tooth-toothed are most susceptible to the disease.

Petsilievye and tsikhlovye less susceptible.

It is possible to bring the pathogen Mycobacteriosis into your aquarium together with the soil, food for fish and aquarium plants. Also carriers can be fish and mollusks.

There are also cases when fish tuberculosis enters the aquarium through insects that crawl into the water to drink water. In addition, fish with weakened immunity and those fish that were kept in poor conditions are very often sick.

It was noted that the causative agent is sufficiently resistant to various acids and the most suitable temperature for its active development ranges from 18-25 degrees Celsius.

There are a lot of symptoms and they are diverse, but in almost all of the diseased fish you can see common signs of this disease: lack of appetite, destruction of fins, lethargy, honebord, blanching of color and eyeballs and loss of scales. In rare cases, infected fish show ulcers and black spots over time.

The above symptoms can appear in a single case, and in all sorts of combinations. More rare fish species may exhibit specific symptoms:

  • Macropod may cause reddening of the body or skin damage. The scales will begin to rise due to excessive pressure of fluid accumulating in the scaled pockets. Over time, such a damaged scale will fall. Otherwise, an eyesore or peep eye can form, which further leads to blindness;
  • in zebrafish due to fish tuberculosis, eyes may fall out of orbit and the abdomen will increase;
  • Petsilievye no longer in contact with other fish of their family and cease to eat. After that, they are waiting for complete exhaustion, their back arches, the belly retracts and bones begin to bulge out from under the skin;
  • the skin on the abdomen of the males begins to stretch and after a month or two it becomes completely transparent. This is all accompanied by a rejection of food intake and the fish move in spurts around the pond.

Fish tuberculosis is treatable only at an early stage, that is, until the aquarium fish begins to refuse to feed. Treat fish with tuberculosis need kanamycin, which must be mixed into feed.

The aquarist should prepare a mixture of proportionality: 10 milligrams of kanamycin per 10 grams of fish food. The later stages of fish tuberculosis are not treated, that is, you have to destroy all seriously ill aquarium inhabitants. After that you will need to disinfect the entire aquarium equipment with 5% bleach solution or 3% bleach solution.

For disinfection, you will need to pour a liter of treatment solution into the aquarium and wipe with a rag all the walls of the aquarium, both inside and outside, two or three times a day. Next, you need to thoroughly wash the aquarium and fill it with soil, then plant the plants and fill with water.

That is, to make the launch of the aquarium on the new. And after a couple of weeks, you can run the first aquarium fish.

Be careful!

The causative agent of fish tuberculosis is dangerous both for aquarium inhabitants and for humans. You need to be extremely careful when contacting an infected aquarium.

Do not take water in your mouth and do not immerse your hands in it. Mycobacterium piscium can get into our bodies through a tiny abrasion or a wound. After several weeks, changes in the skin will appear at the site of contact.

Complete healing of the affected skin occurs after a couple of years. If contact could not be avoided, then it is better to immediately consult a dermatologist for treatment.

As I mentioned a little higher, the inhabitants most vulnerable to infection with fish tuberculosis are those who have weakened immunity. In addition, it increases the chance of developing the disease can cause an overpopulated aquarium, poor quality aquarium water and a lack of oxygen.

In order not to encounter this scourge, you need to maintain cleanliness and order in the aquarium, as well as provide balanced nutrition to the inhabitants of the underwater garden. To prevent the development of harmful microorganisms in your tank, use ultraviolet lamps.

О admin

x

Check Also

If the fish itches, what could it be?

Is life in an aquarium carefree as it seems at first sight? What could upset ...

Treatment of fin rot in aquarium fish

Pseudomonas – fin rot, caused by bacteria of the genus Aeromonas or Vibrio Pseudomonas. Aquarists ...

Green scurf in the aquarium: how to deal with greens, get rid of what to do, clean up, remove points on the walls, decorations

Newbies in aquarism confuse algae with plants, although the difference between these concepts is enormous. ...

Treatment of salt aquarium fish

How to treat aquarium fish with table salt? There are also a lot of diseases ...

Cydex for aquarium (cidex): instructions, use, dosage, use, how to use, reviews, what struggles

With the appearance of lower algae, disinfectants come to the rescue, one of the most ...

Instructions for use of antibiotic Biomitsin for animals

Biomitsin belongs to the group of antibiotics with a wide range of effects. It is ...

Malachite green for an aquarium (medicine, drug, solution, conditioner, tool): use for the treatment of parasite fish

The appearance of bacterial, fungal and protozoal infections in the home aquarium is a pressing ...

Diseases of aquarium plants and their treatment with photos

Novice aquarists, paying more attention to the fish, completely forget about caring for plants, because ...

Instructions for use and dosage Saydeksa for aquarium

Fans of aquariums are faced with the emergence of unwanted plants that prevent its inhabitants ...

Description of the ostracod, how to get rid of them in the aquarium

The dominance of microscopic crustacean ostracods in an aquarium spoils its aesthetic appearance and gives ...

Diseases of aquarium fish: 31 of the most popular major diseases, symptoms, treatment, diagnosis, contagious, non-contagious

Diseases of aquarium fish occur suddenly, modern laboratory diagnostics has learned to recognize most of ...

Instructions for using methylene blue in the aquarium

For the treatment of various bacterial diseases in fish and water disinfection is widely used ...

Determination of the disease in guppies by external signs and treatment

People often get the fish as pets. The contents of the aquarium, resembling the seabed, ...

Diseases of aquarium fish: their symptoms, treatment and prevention

Diseases of fish living at home, as a rule, arise suddenly. If you carefully watch ...

Instructions for use of the drug Azidine

Azidin-vet powder is a combination antiprotozoal drug used in veterinary practice. This drug, which has ...

Fin rot in fish: how to treat?

Almost every aquarist at least once and noticed the symptoms of fin rot, the cause ...

Diseases of the guppy: red gills, floating on the surface, fin rot, tail ragged or looking up

Guppies are unpretentious, viviparous fish that barely get sick with normal care. Diseases of guppies ...

Instructions for use of the drug Sera Baktopur

Medicine for fish Baktopur – a tool that is produced in liquid form. It is ...

Fin rot: treatment of fish in the general aquarium, causes, drugs and remedies

Fish, like any other pets, are prone to disease, you need to constantly take care ...

Diseases of gourami: symptoms, fin rot, fighting among themselves, darkened, scales peeling off, floating on the surface, white mucus, lying or sitting on the bottom, bloating, red spots, treatment

Gourami are tropical fish, so they are particularly sensitive to rapid temperature changes that cause ...

Ichthyophthyriosis (semolina) in fish: treatment, symptoms, video

Aquarium fish, like other pets, can suffer from typical diseases. Their most common disease is ...

Film on the surface of the water: is it harmful to the inhabitants of the aquarium?

The aquatic environment is not only a favorable neighborhood of fish, plants, amphibians and gastropods. ...

Diseases of a goldfish: swims up belly, lies on the bottom, scales fall off, the tail has peeled off, floats, fins grow, swims on its side, lies on the bottom, breathes heavily, fin rot, blackened edges, covered with red spots

Diseases of goldfish are accompanied by the same symptoms as other aquarium fish. The article ...

Ichthyophyriosis: how dangerous is the “semolina” on the body of fish?

The situation when there is a noticeable semolina on the fish in the aquarium, is ...