Guppies are unpretentious, viviparous fish that barely get sick with normal care. Diseases of guppies are similar to those of other fish.
Aquarists often experience signs of disease in fish:
These symptoms accompany various diseases. Before you apply the medication, determine the cause of the ailment.
Redness of the gills indicates nitrite poisoning. Check the liquid with dough, drop the fish and replace up to 25% of water daily for 5 days.
It is also useful to salt the liquid (1 tsp. 1 liter). Nitrite poisoning is possible if the aquarium does not start correctly.
Finding guppies near the surface indicates oxygen deficiency or plystophoresis. If a live-beetle keeps its surface abdomen up, it has problems with a swim bladder due to dropsy or overfeeding.
Guppies swim vertically downwards or upside down due to plystophorosis, ichthyosporidiosis and drastic changes in water parameters. In the absence of external signs of the disease, active up and down swimming is a common fish interaction.
The fins stick together due to inappropriate conditions, bone disease, gyrodactylosis.
The reasons why guppies become humpback:
Guppy tails break due to:
The guppy’s eyes turn black due to a significant change in parameters, stress or tuberculosis. If the color contains black colors, then dark eyes are the norm. Black eyes in fry occur due to closely related crossbreeding.
The problem is solved by the acquisition of new males.
The reasons why guppies lie on the bottom are:
Induced abdomen indicates disease:
The increase in the abdomen is due to various factors:
Disheveled scales occur in diseases:
Viviparas are covered with bloom in case of diseases:
If a live-beetle is floating near the surface on its side, then, most likely, it has problems with the swim bladder due to dropsy or overfeeding. Movement on the side is also associated with glugeosis, an incurable disease.
The fins shrink due to poor diet or irregular fluid changes. Tight fins are pressed to the body during ichthyophthiriosis and oodiniumosis.
Split occurs more often at the caudal fin. The reasons:
If the tail edge is torn off, make sure that the aquarium is not overpopulated, and the guppies are settled with suitable temperament and size neighbors. A battered tail and fins with a red bloom indicate a “red scab”.
Damage to the tail and hexamytosis.
The first 2 weeks after buying a new fish go through a period of acclimatization and can swim steeply. Unsuitable water parameters and columnaria provoke such behavior.
Rare reason: the pet is taken from a natural reservoir and has problems with adaptation to aquarium conditions, in this case, wait at least 2 months.
Guppies do not feed well for 6 reasons:
Diversify the diet and check the expiration date of the feed, inspect the live beetle for other symptoms.
Guppies itch about aquarium decorations when they occur:
Guppies grow slowly with a deficiency:
Place the live beetle in a large aquarium, revise its diet. Strengthen aeration.
To the death of fish lead mistakes beginners. The most common are below.
Guppies die from pollution in the aquarium, causing disease, poisoning and lack of oxygen. The liquid must be free of impurities and dechlorinated.
When poisoning with nitrogen compounds in the fish bulge eyes, it shows signs of oxygen starvation. Strengthen aeration and replace up to 40% liquid.
Find out how much the concentration of nitrogen compounds in the water is exceeded and neutralize the excess with air conditioners.
If guppies are kept at an unsuitable temperature (22–28 degrees), they are prone to disease. Sudden change of temperature leads to temperature shock and death.
Neglect of quarantine when sharing a new fish can lead to the fact that the fish will die one by one. A new fish should be observed in a separate tank for at least 3-4 weeks and only in the absence of disease can it be placed in a common aquarium. It is also necessary to gradually adapt the newly acquired fish to the conditions of a particular aquarium.
Do not let the fish out of the package into the aquarium immediately; add new water every 15–20 minutes.
Diseases are a common cause of death. Observe the behavior and appearance of the fish, do not delay treatment if the disease is suspected.
The quality of the aquatic environment is reduced due to:
Lack of oxygen occurs when overcrowding. Guppies concentrate near the surface of the water and greedily swallow air.
Connect the compressor. Remember that in summer, oxygen consumption increases due to temperature increase.
Turn off the lamp and cool the water by immersing the bottles and ice packs in the aquarium.
Harassment by neighbors is another cause of death for guppies. Improper compatibility leads to injury and severe stress.
Aggressive neighbors can drive the fish to death and eat it altogether.
Adaptation to new conditions and transportation can not survive all guppies. Old and weak fish often die, even if the aquarist caused little concern to pets.
The list of aquarium fish diseases is huge, they are experienced aquarists and people with special education. With a lack of experience, it is better to consult a doctor.
The disease appears in dirty water with a fin injury. If you ignore the disease, after the destruction of the fins will begin to defeat the body, and the fish will die. Fin rot treated:
There are many treatments for fin rot. The treatment is discussed in detail in a separate article.
The disease is also called “neon disease” and pleistopathy. The fish affects muscles, ulcers appear on the body.
Plystophoresis is not treated, the diseased individual must be destroyed. Boil the soil and decor, rinse the aquarium.
The disease often affects males. Remove parasitized fin-blade sites. Place the guppy in salted water (1 g of salt per 1 liter).
Treat it with levomycin (1 tablet per 30 liters) or furazolidone (0.5 tablets per 10 liters). The course of treatment is 5 days.
Remedies for ichthyophthyriosis also help. Tail grows after some time.
If the spine is curved and other symptoms of the disease are not observed, then the curvature may be congenital. Individuals with scoliosis can lead normal lives, but they are smaller and weaker than healthy guppies. Emerging scoliosis in the adult fish is corrected by reducing portions during feeding and by introducing diversity in the diet.
During pregnancy, females watch for aeration in the aquarium, do not allow closely related crossbreeding.
Tetrahimene infusoria affect gills and fins. Sow the sick fish in salted water (1 g of salt per 1 liter) with enhanced aeration.
Add a solution of Biseptol (1 tablet per 50 liters of water) or furazolidone (0.5 tablets per 10 liters) into water. Prevent healthy fish by mixing a small amount of furazolidone with food.
In addition to losing weight and curvature of the spine, there is a fading color. Treatment is possible in the early stages, a number of aquarists believe the disease is incurable.
Dip fish and apply kanamycin (30–50 mg per liter) into water daily for 10–14 days with daily water changes. You can soak food in a solution of kanamycin (0.5 g of the drug per 100 ml of water). Another method: the introduction of isoniazid (1 tablet per 60 liters) for 3 days.
Then take a break of 2 days. The course is repeated 2-3 times.
After the jigging of the diseased fish, disinfect the aquarium, wash the scenery and boil the soil.
In addition to the abdomen, the eyes of fish increase. Guppy tends to hide and spend more time at the bottom. Dropsy appears for various reasons:
Treat dropsy by frequent changes and salting of water (1 sl. L. Salt per 10 l). Have a guppy on a hunger strike for a couple of days, review your diet.
Strengthen aeration and add antibacterial preparations, for example, chloramphenicol (mix 250 g of the preparation with 25 g of feed or 10 mg per 1 l of water with 25 g of feed).
Parasitic disease is most dangerous for fry. Infusion of ciliates begins with fins, in the last stages of the gills. Increase temperature and increase aeration.
For every 10 liters of water, add 1 tbsp. l salt. Use malachite green or methylene blue in proportions of 5 ml per 10 l of water.
A neglected disease is accompanied by ulcers. You can cure bitsillin-5 (one third of a bottle per 100 liters of water, shade the aquarium at the time of exposure) and methylene blue (5 ml per 10 liters of water).
Treat in salted water (1 tsp. Per liter of water) with a temperature rise of 2–3 degrees. Use biomitsin and tripaflavin, a course of treatment for 2 weeks.
You can read more about ichthyophthyriosis in another article.
“Velvet rust” is treated with blue vitriol (0.2 mg per 1 l of water) with an increase in temperature. In case of incomplete disposal of oodiniumosis, repeat the treatment in 2–3 days.
In addition to plaque and inhibited behavior, the disease is characterized by bulging pale gills. In the early stages, treat the bone with malachite greens in accordance with the instructions.
Salt baths with potassium permanganate are effective (1 tsp. Salt per 1 liter of water, potassium permanganate – to a slightly pink color) for 10–15 min.
Spironculosis, octomytosis or hole disease is a rare disease for guppies. It is treated with metronidazole (250 mg per 35 l of water) with water changes.
Not treated, outwardly not noticeable. Rarely, females self-fertilize, and the offspring are fruitless.
Tips and treatment methods vary greatly in different sources. Sometimes sellers in pet stores give harmful recommendations.
Consult with experienced aquarists and veterinarians, carefully check the information.