Aquatic algae spoil the appearance of the reservoir and harm the higher flora. Lower plants are found in aquariums novices and professionals.
Faced with abundant weed growth, novice aquarists find conflicting advice and do not know how to act.
In reservoirs with a well-established biomedia, weeds are present in small quantities. Worry is when faced with their rapid growth. Often on the walls of the aquarium there is a green patina, methods of dealing with which are dismantled in a separate article.
To fight the lower vegetation in an aquarium, it is important to determine the type of algae. So you are guaranteed to get rid of the parasitic flora and do not harm other inhabitants of the reservoir.
Weed greens vary in color and shape. There are more than 30 thousand varieties of algae, which are green, brown, gray and other colors.
Red is considered to be difficult to remove; it is easier to overcome brown and green.
Brown algae appear as plaque on the walls of the aquarium, leaves and soil. Harmless to flora and fauna.
Newbies often appear in an aquarium because of the unbalanced biobalance and lack of light. Aquarium algae breeds in hard water with a pH above 7.5.
To prevent growth, replace the bulb with a more powerful one or add another light source. If you do not wipe the brown patina, it will lay down in a thick layer that is difficult to handle.
Grow in bunches of gray, purple or reddish color about 5 mm high. Also known as crimson.
Grow on all surfaces, in salty and fresh water. Crimson is difficult to remove.
They love hard water with a strong current. Against them, drugs with glutaraldehyde are effective in combination with weekly water changes of up to 50% and thorough cleaning.
The species is also called “deer antlers” because of the branching tufts of dark color. Appears due to dead organic matter.
It grows in black bunches. “The beard” is often confused with the “Vietnamese”, which is not a gross mistake, because the methods of getting rid of parasitic greens are identical. If you notice that dark hairs have appeared on plants in an aquarium, read the article on how to deal with a black beard.
The group of green lower flora unites about 20 thousand species of unicellular and multicellular plants. Greens inhabit mostly fresh water.
Externally, the xenococcus appears as green dots on the glasses, forming a patina. Appears in densely planted herbalists and in half-empty aquariums.
Causes: an excess of light and low levels of carbon dioxide.
They provoke the bloom of water. Euglena occurs with an excess of light, a yellow shade of light and a temperature of 27 degrees.
It appears euglena and with a high level of phosphates and nitrates.
Needle appears with a large amount of iron and lack of phosphorus, which plays an important role in nutrition. It grows thin intertwining threads.
Easily removed mechanically.
Light green weed looks like light cotton wool. Appears in aquariums with unspecified nitrogen cycle.
Disappears after the establishment of biobalance.
It is a fragile and slimy yarn. It is difficult to get rid of algae, as it grows at a high rate in an aquarium. The reason for the growth is in excess of light and lack of nutrition.
It helps to turn off the light in the complex with the launch of algae fish and the introduction of drugs.
Weed with short threads. It grows with weak filtration in stagnant water, as well as a lack of carbon dioxide.
Blue-green formations appear on the tops of plants. They are colonies of toxic cyanobacteria.
Occur due to the large amount of ammonia and lack of nitrates.
Methods of struggle and disposal of aquarium algae
For all types of algae, the manual removal method is relevant:
Further, the fight against algae is made by different methods:
Remember that it is not enough just to destroy the lower vegetation, it is necessary to eliminate the cause of abundant growth.
Blackout aquariums are effective against xenococcus, spirogyra, euglena and blue-green cyanobacteria. Do not turn on the light for 2-3 days, darken the aquarium, throwing cloth over it. If there are light-loving plants in the pond, temporarily transplant them into another container with the required level of light.
Do not turn off aeration, because algae absorb oxygen. After exposure, remove dead flora and replace water.
Use this method in conjunction with the launch of animals that eat algae.
Herbs displace lower greens, consuming all the nutrients from the environment. The method is effective against green and red algae.
After exposure, plants can be removed from the aquarium. The fastest growing include:
Cryptocorynes and anubiasas are not suitable.
Run pets eating the lower flora, in conjunction with other control measures. Useful animals include:
Introduce drugs when other methods are ineffective. Chemistry adversely affects the biological balance of the aquarium. Optimal use of special-purpose drugs, in the title of which there is the word algo (alga).
Suitable and household tools like hydrogen peroxide and whiteness.
The supply of carbon dioxide with good lighting creates an unfavorable environment for lower plants. To combat algae, smoothly increase the carbon dioxide content in your tank with homemade or purchased devices.
Peroxide is sufficient in concentrations up to 2.5 ml per 10 liters of water. Add the solution point to the accumulation of weeds, increasing the aeration at the time of exposure. If the fish have hypoxia, immediately replace part of the water.
Peroxide kills cyanobacteria, black beard, euglena and Vietnamese. To remove the parasites from the leaves, soak the plants separately in a bath with a concentration of 4 ml of peroxide per 10 liters of water.
After exposure, substitute 20–25% water.
Flora and fauna are susceptible to chlorine in different ways. Dilute chlorine in 30–40 parts of water.
Take the twig or leaf on which the algae has grown and dip into the solution. If the green colored white, dilute the drug with water. While maintaining the natural color, add the solution to the aquarium gradually.
Use one time only. Mandatory powerful aeration, water changes and removal of dead algae.
Reduce the amount of fertilizer applied, then the growth of algae sharply reduced. Replace water, add fast-growing plants to absorb excess nutrients.
Against green, filamentous and red algae, drugs and solutions containing glutaraldehyde are effective. Solutions are used in herbalists, safe for many plants.
Use at a concentration of up to 12 ml per 100 liters of water. Add the solution in the morning during the week.
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Addis, extensions AQUAYER (@ aquayer.official) 9 Sich 2019 р. o 5:51 pst
Not all lower greens are desirable in an aquarium. There are useful representatives, for example, nitella, which filters the water and decorates the aquarium.