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Intestinal obstruction in children

Bowel obstruction in the child: symptoms

Intestinal obstruction in a child is a condition that occurs when movement is disturbed in the gastrointestinal tract of its contents, which is caused by a mechanical obstruction or impaired motor function of the intestine. This condition not only causes severe pain in the abdomen, but also creates a threat to life, so it is important to know the symptoms of the disease and if they are available, contact the medical institution in a timely manner.

Intestinal obstruction in children

Since the intestinal obstruction is provoked by various causes (anatomical, genetic, etc.) and has a different clinical picture of the disease, the treatment of this pathology depends on its type.

By origin, intestinal obstruction is divided into:

  • Congenital. To this type belongs the intestinal obstruction, which was caused by genetically determined diseases and malformations of the abdominal cavity organs – cystic fibrosis, Hirschsprung’s disease, stenosis (abnormal narrowing) of the intestine or absence of intestinal lumen at a certain site (atresia), presence of enterokrostoma, pancreas in the form of a ring , Ledd’s syndrome.
  • Acquired. It is formed as a result of the appearance in the intestine of a mechanical obstruction or with impaired motor function of the intestinal wall.

  • In childhood, adhesive intestinal obstruction is rare.

    Intestinal obstruction in newborns can occur after a couple of days or hours after birth.

    The cause of congenital obstruction is one of the malformations. Since certain defects are formed at an early stage of intrauterine development, intestinal obstruction in such cases develops before birth, and symptoms of obstruction are observed from the first hours of life.

    If the developmental defect is associated with a violation of the location of the organs, develops an obstruction of the chronic type or a strangulation intestinal obstruction in an acute form.

    The main early symptom of the disease in newborns is vomiting. Since the symptoms of congenital intestinal obstruction differ in variety, the nature of vomiting, the type of pain and stool, help to determine the level of pathology.

    You should also pay attention to:

    • the time of vomiting;
    • intensity of vomiting;
    • the nature of vomit;
    • the relationship of this symptom with the process of feeding.

    Vomiting of the baby with obstruction located:

    • in the region of the upper third of the esophagus and pharynx is accompanied by increased salivation (hypersalivation);
    • above the Fat papilla is curdled or the emetic mass is a milky mixture with the inclusion of mucus;
    • below the Fat papilla includes bile;
    • in the area of ​​the pylorus the stomach contains curdled milk or a mixture for feeding without mucus;
    • in the skinny, ileum or large intestine contains chyme (partially digested food, gastric and intestinal juice, secret glands, bile), it is possible to vomit.

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