Most recently, we went with our son to take tests after having had a sore throat. We did it in a private center, so we got results on our hands on a day off. They only went to my doctor the next day, but I wanted to decipher the result immediately. And I began to understand the medical books and articles on the Internet.
Today I want to share with you data about how you can understand a good analysis or not.
General blood analysis
Complete blood count is the most informative way to understand what changes occur in the human body. It is not a specific disease, but it helps to find out what kind of health a person has.
1) If the blood test shows that hemoglobin is reduced, this may indicate anemia, kidney disease, or bleeding.
At the age of 1 year, hemoglobin level is considered normal (in the results, the analysis is designated Hb) within 110-130 g / l. And in 2-3 years Hb = 108-128 g / l.
2) If the red blood cell level is reduced, this indicates that the person may have anemia or a chronic inflammatory process occurs.
And if the red blood cells are elevated, this indicates dehydration of the body due to a decrease in the liquid component of the blood.
At the age of 1 year, the level of red blood cells (in the RBC form) in the range of 4.0-4.5 * 10 12l is considered normal. In 2-3 years the RBC is in the same intervals.
3) If the platelet count (on a PLT form) is elevated, this indicates the development of certain types of anemia or a chronic inflammatory process, such as tuberculosis. But in children it is quite rare.
If the platelets are reduced, this indicates a poor blood clotting with bleeding or hemophilia, as well as a prolonged use of antibiotics, viral and bacterial infectious diseases.
The norm for children varies widely 217-497 * 10 9 / l.
4) If the level of leukocytes in the blood is elevated (on the WBC form), then this indicates the presence of a bacterial infection, inflammation, allergies, poisoning, and this can occur with prolonged medication.
A decrease in the level of leukocytes may be due to the presence of some form of viral disease.
The norm is in the range of 5.50-15.50 * 10 9 l.
5) If the number of eosinophils is increased in the blood, then an allergic component is present in the body, there is a pediatric infection (for example, scarlet fever) or an antibiotic has been taken.
6) The increase in the number of basophils indicates a blood disease, an allergic reaction or a chronic inflammatory process, and their reduction may be associated with stress or hormone therapy.
7) The level of monocytes decreases, if there is a viral infection in the body or hormonal preparations are taken, and it increases if the child recovers from an acute infection.
8) Elevated ESR is associated with the appearance of acute, chronic infection, inflammation, anemia, poisoning, and allergies. And this indicator may decrease with diarrhea, vomiting, i.e. when the body loses fluid.
The norm of ESR = 1-10 mm / hour for children 2-3 years.
In general, a complete blood count is taken from a finger for older children on an empty stomach, and for infants this condition is not mandatory. But we are taken from a vein in a private laboratory, because There are no reagents for routine analysis.
I hope that with my topic I was able to shed light on these incomprehensible numbers and symbols. But this is all information averaged, so do not take the result in your hands and do not panic, and consult with your doctor.
Good health to you and your kids.