The child has a sore throat: what to do?
The success of treatment depends not only on correct diagnosis, but also on timely detection of the problem. And if children of preschool age can tell or show where and how they are hurting, the baby has a much harder time to recognize the pain in the throat. What do parents need to know in order not to miss the onset of the disease? How is it most effective to treat a sore throat depending on age, cause and manifestations?
Inflammation of the mucous throat, manifested by pain, perspiration, difficulty swallowing and dry cough, can occur for various reasons. In children, due to the friability of the mucosa and the narrower laryngeal lumen than in adults, any manifestations of respiratory tract diseases can be aggravated by the attachment of a bacterial infection or cause a complication in the form of a false croup dangerous with suffocation.
Features of the structure of the larynx, imperfection of local immunity, as well as predisposition to infectious diseases – the causes of frequent episodes of sore throat in small patients. The main pathogens for inflammation of the mucous throat in children are viruses such as rhinovirus, adenovirus, paramyxovirus, coronavirus, Coxsackie viruses, as well as bacteria: streptococcus, meningococcus, staphylococcus and hemophilic rod.
Non-infectious factors of the development of pain in the throat (trauma, burns, inflammation due to hypothermia) are often complicated by the addition of bacteria or viruses, if they live in the body of the child.
In infants when throwing the contents of the stomach with regurgitation, the mucosa can be irritated by the acids of the gastric juice. As a result, pain and redness appear in the throat. Kids react to such manifestations crying after eructation, rejection of the breast or bottle. As a child grows up, the problem disappears by itself, but with frequent repetitions, complications such as stomatitis or otitis may occur.