Varicocele in children: causes, diagnosis, treatment
In adulthood, faced with a diagnosis of infertility, many men are puzzled and can not understand what caused this heavy rejection. In 40% of cases the disease has been going on since childhood, beginning in 10-13 years. Varicose veins (varicocele) in the adolescent leads to a gradual decrease in sexual function and testicular atrophy.
Very many people face different pathologies of veins, a large percentage of the adult population suffers from varicose veins. There is a variety of vascular diseases, which occurs only in men. Varicocele is an expansion of the veins in the groinlike plexus of the testicles. Approximately 6% of children are registered with this disease during a primary examination with a doctor. Most often occurs on the left.
In general, the first signs of the disease develop at about 10-11 years, and already at the age of 14 serious stagnation starts.
The main danger of this disease is for the reproductive function of the boy in the future. If in childhood he may not particularly care about this deviation, then in adulthood, almost half of infertile men show varicocele.
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Subclinical varicocele does not manifest itself, it is asymptomatic and is detected only with the help of ultrasound or Doppler. In most cases, patients are referred for infertility and only then find out that they have long had varicose veins.
Treatment varicocele only surgical. All other possible methods can only slow the progression of the disease, but not get rid of it.
No folk and medicamentous remedies are able to cope with varicose enlargement of the testicle veins.
With a secondary varicocele, the underlying disease must be cured initially. In the primary, surgical treatment of veins is performed at any stage. It is best to have surgery before puberty.
There are several types of surgical interventions, eliminating varicocele. Which of them is suitable for the patient, can be determined only by the attending physician on the basis of the diagnostic.
The essence of the operation consists in tying the vein at the level of the retroperitoneal department. It is recommended for children after 13 years of age, since the recovery period requires a long rest, about six months is recommended to limit excessive mobility and physical exertion.
The essence of Ivanissevich's operation consists in bandaging the vein at the level of the retroperitoneal department
Complications are extremely rare, the operation is relatively safe, but relapses occur very often.
Approximately 40% of the patients undergoing surgery return again and require repeated intervention.
We recommend swimming, light physical exercises (squats, yoga, running). At an older age, it is advisable to regulate sexual activity in order to reduce stress.
Unfortunately, children rarely complain to parents about such intimate diseases. It is necessary to periodically take the child to medical examinations in order to detect possible deviations as early as possible. If the boy is diagnosed with a varicocele, in no case should you start the disease and wait until everything goes away. At an older age, the lack of timely treatment can lead to infertility.
Higher education in the field of biology (St. Petersburg State University, Master of Biology), specialization; human genetics.