Types of conjunctivitis in children: a clinical picture and description of various forms of the disease
In the medical community, several types of conjunctivitis are distinguished: allergic, bacterial, infectious. All of them differ from each other primarily in the etymology of the inflammatory process, as well as a complex of clinical manifestations.
Children, like adults, can get a conjunctivitis of any nature. Infectious, viral and allergic agents do not choose the age of the patient.
The doctor’s task is to establish the correct form and variety of the disease in order to compile an individual and specific treatment for the child.
What is the pathology of the eyes in a child, the main symptoms with a photo
Conjunctivitis is an inflammatory lesion of the mucous membrane of the eyelids, sclera, which causes infectious, bacterial or allergic agents. The disease covers people of any age, but most often it is diagnosed in children and adolescents because of the emerging immunity and hormonal adjustment.
Inflammatory process manifests itself with different symptoms, which may be similar to other ophthalmologic pathologies. First of all, the purely visual conjunctiva turns red, the child is disturbed by profuse lacrimation or discharge from the eyes (as in the photo below). In some cases a gray-white film appears on the conjunctiva, which should be constantly cleaned with cotton wool.
Visually, the disease manifests itself as the strongest hemorrhage under the conjunctiva. The eyes look too inflamed and red, which is impossible not to notice the common man in the street. Cases of rash and follicular rash are common. From the eyelids, mucous or purulent contents are released, which is accompanied by unpleasant subjective sensations.
This type of inflammation is caused exclusively by gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria, which actively develop, multiply in the mucous membrane of the eyes.
For infection, it is enough to rub eyelids with dirty hands, wash with rusty water or bathe in a local pond.
In addition, this type of pathology is highly contagious, that does not exclude infection as a result of close contact.
According to the clinical picture, bacterial conjunctivitis differs little from its other species, but purulent or mucopurulent discharge is a qualifying sign of the presence of a conditionally pathogenic flora.
In the future, it is possible to develop a variety of symptoms, the severity of which depends on the type and degree of concentration of the causative agent in the conjunctiva.