Complex treatment of pneumonia in children
Pneumonia in a child is a potentially dangerous disease that can lead to death if improperly treated. The most vulnerable to infection are children aged 6 months to 6 years. Timely recourse to help to avoid serious complications.
In most cases, pneumonia in children develops rapidly and requires hospitalization. The set of therapeutic measures may differ depending on the pathogen that provoked the disease, and the conditions for the development of inflammation (community-acquired, congenital, hospital forms).
- If the inflammation of the lungs is caused by bacteria, antibiotics can not be avoided. What medicine to apply to a particular child, the doctor decides on the basis of the results of analysis and research.
- In case ifdiseasehas a viral nature, in the application of antibacterial agents there is no sense. The doctor may prescribe antiviral drugs. In severe pneumonia, a small patient must be kept in the intensive care unit around the clock, under the supervision of medical personnel. It may take 2 to 4 weeks for complete recovery.
Faster recovered babies, who have strong immunity and before the disease led an active lifestyle and spent a lot of time in the fresh air.
Treatment will be effective if the patient strictly adheres to the doctor’s recommendations, adhere to the regime and diet. In the recovery period, the child is allowed to walk outdoors, spending time actively. In this case, you must not allow hypothermia. After illness, the body is more susceptible to infections of various kinds.
The goal of symptomatic therapy is the elimination of certain manifestations of the disease. It includes the reception:
- Antipyretics. Inflammation of the lungs in a child in an acute period can be characterized by an increase in body temperature. Effective in this case are:
Antipyretics help to normalize body temperature, and also remove common symptoms of intoxication (headache, drowsiness, body aches).
All these medicines can provoke the development of an allergic reaction. Therefore, treatment should be strictly under the supervision of a specialist.
Drugs for symptom management - gallery
A sufficient amount of vitamins in the day's diet will eliminate the intoxication of the body. It's faster to restore the defenses with ascorbic acid. Be sure to eat more seasonal vegetables and fruits.
Important is the abundant drink. Daily rate for childrenёnca 1500-2000 ml.
In the presence of cardiac or renal insufficiency, it is worth using less fluid.
In the acute period of the disease (the first 3-5 days) you need to adhere to a diet.