Causes and treatment of myopia in preschool and school age children
Myopia in children can be called the most common phenomenon of our time. There are many reasons for this – from excessive loads on the eyes to malnutrition. Modern methods of treatment can successfully fight this disease. And knowing the features of pathology, the causes and measures of prevention, short-sightedness can be prevented.
Nearsightedness or otherwise myopia is disease associated with improper development of the shape of the eyeball, which for various reasons is excessively elongated and stretched.
As a result, the image of objects focuses not on the retina, as it should be, but in front of it. With such visual impairment, the child sees the removed objects as vague.
In most cases, myopia of the eye develops at the age of 7 to 16 years. During this period, the load on the eyes is especially great, which most often provokes the disease. According to statistics, one in three schoolchildren suffers from this visual impairment.
Ophthalmologists agree that the development of myopia is affected by several factors, and the extent of the disease and further prognosis depend on their number.
The main causes of myopia in children:
- Age. The disease most often begins to develop at the beginning of schooling, when the load on the eyes increases dramatically in children. During this period, parents need to be very careful not to miss the initial stage of myopia and take timely action.