The order of the one-year-old child
Every month, during the first year of life, certain changes occurred in the regime of the child’s day. Time devoted to active games and developing activities, gradually increased, the number of feedings and daytime dreams – was reduced. In order for parents to be sure of the correct development of a one-year-old baby, one must not only take into account the individual characteristics of the crumbs, but also to know certain age norms: how much to sleep, how much time to spend in the fresh air, how to make the menu balanced.
Sleep helps to restore strength, because from the moment of birth, the kid spends a lot of energy on the knowledge of the surrounding world and intensive growth. By twelve months the child is awake most of the day. He has one or two daytime sleep, depending on the individual pace of development.
Normally, sleep is 13-14 hours a day: 11 of them – at night and 2-3 – at daytime. By the age of 1.5, this period is slightly reduced – by about 30-60 minutes.
And by the age of two, the total amount of time spent in a dream is 12-13 hours.
In a year, children usually sleep in the daytime 2 times for 2 hours: in the morning and after lunch. But some already by this age switch to one day’s sleep. This is considered not a deviation from the norm, but an individual feature of the body. The number of daytime dreams is determined by the time of awakening. Children, who early go to bed in the evening, get up early in the morning. Therefore, in the first half of the day they need rest to restore their strength. After lunch, these babies also need sleep.
By the year the baby's diet is becoming quite diverse, although it's too early to switch to a common table. The mixture or mother's milk remains mostly only in the morning and before bedtime. At this age, the baby eats 4-5 times a day with a break of 3-4 hours between feedings, regardless of whether it is on breastfeeding or artificial feeding.
The one-year-old child's menu should include:
- meat, vegetable and fruit purees;
- cottage cheese and yogurt;
- a fish;
- butter and vegetable oils.
At the request of parents, you can offer baby biscuits and fruit juices.
Separate attention requires the inclusion in the diet of whole cow milk. Often, mothers complete breastfeeding when the baby is one year old, and replace cow's mother's milk. Pediatricians do not recommend doing this for several reasons.
- The composition of cow's milk is not adapted for the child: it has a lot of phosphorus, which, when removed from the body, removes calcium from the kidneys.
- A large amount of fat has an additional burden on the digestive system, which can cause the child to have discomfort in the tummy and upset of the stool.
- The use of cow's milk often provokes an allergic reaction.