Rabies in a child: a real case, patient management, consequences
Rabies is a dangerous zoonotic disease, that is, a disease that is transmitted from the animal to humans. This virus infection has been known to mankind since time immemorial. The disease is characterized by the defeat of the central nervous system and a high probability of death.
A viral infection is registered in more than 150 countries every year. At the same time, about 55 thousand people die each year.
The disease is transmitted to humans through animal bites. In most cases, these are infected dogs. About 40% of the bitten children are children. Almost always when the signs of the disease develop, a fatal outcome occurs, despite the treatment being carried out.
The period of hidden symptoms lasts from a week to 2-3 months, but sometimes it can extend up to 1 year. First, the body temperature rises to high figures, pain and strange sensations occur in the wound site.
As soon as rabies virus will spread to the central nervous system, the inflammation of the brain and spinal cord develops.
After this, there is a prodromal period, which can last from 2 to 10 days. At this stage, there is fever, malaise and headache, burning and soreness at the site of the bite, that is, the symptoms are completely nonspecific.