Pharyngitis in children: description, types, symptoms and ways of treatment
Pharyngitis is an infectious or bacterial inflammation of the pharyngeal mucosa. The disease most often affects children: a weak immune system is poorly resistant to pathogenic microorganisms. Respiratory infections account for 40% of all cases of infantile illness.
It is important to know the causes of the disease, the way of infection, the main symptoms and effective methods of pharyngitis in children. Good parents necessarily follow preventive measures, try to prevent the disease. Timely diagnosis, the correct scheme of therapy – a pledge of a speedy recovery.
With pharyngitis, the child is observed temperature increase several degrees above normal, sore throat. Often the child complains of unpleasant sensations while swallowing food.
The main reason for the appearance of an illness is infection. Pathogenic microorganisms are fixed on the pharyngeal mucosa, begin to multiply actively. The process causes a vivid symptomatology.
In most cases parents take the right measures, turn to the doctor. For a short period of time the ailment recedes, the baby recovers. How to properly act when you identify a child with a sore throat, read below.
Carefully observe the condition of the young patient, listen to his words. The baby needs more care: observe any changes in behavior, the baby can not say anything yet.
Quietly watch children during the appearance of teeth, in winter. Almost 70% of cases are cold weather, weakened immunity is the root cause of inflammation of the pharynx.
The main signs of pharyngitis in a child are listed above. Having found out at least one of them, immediately consult a pediatrician. Experienced doctor will prompt the solution of the problem, prescribe a suitable course of treatment.
Do not engage in self-medication: the transition to a chronic form is fraught with serious complications.
Diagnosis is based on typical complaints, examination (sore throat, mucus formation on the back wall, cough, pershenia, presence of small red blisters).
If necessary, the doctor prescribes virologic or bacteriological culture. The study is conducted by taking a smear from the sore throat of the baby.