What is obstructive bronchitis: symptoms and treatment of illness in children
Obstructive form of bronchitis is one of the most dangerous diseases. In terms of severity, it is in second place after pneumonia. Most often this affliction is suffered in the age of 6-7 years. This is due to the fact that small children have very narrow lumens in the bronchi.
Inflammatory process provokes congestion of a large amount of mucus in the bronchial canals, which leads to thickening of the mucous membrane and clogs the bronchi.
Obstructive bronchitis is a strong spasm of the bronchi that prevents the formation of mucus. It is accompanied by a strong cough and high fever. The most dangerous for children under the age of 1-2 years, because they have not developed a cough reflex, which helps to sputum. With a strong coughing, a child may even suffocate.
With obstruction, The bronchial mucosa proliferates and clogs the respiratory canals. Sputum and mucus accumulate in them, making breathing difficult. Accumulation of sputum causes severe inflammation and edema of the bronchi, which leads to severe oxygen starvation.
In addition to hereditary anomalies of the esophagus, gastrointestinal and nasopharyngeal diseases, there are many causes of bronchitis. The disease can be caused by:
Mandatory procedures include:
How to do massage with obstructive bronchitis in children, see the video:
If the bronchitis is of infectious origin, or the disease is severe, with a prolonged high temperature, it can be prescribed antibiotics. For the removal of bronchospasm used antispasmodics (No-shpa or Papaverin).
In severe cases, the doctor may prescribe hormonal therapy. It is often used intravenous injection of Euphylin. Effective and antiviral drugs, such as Erespal, as well as immunomodulators (Viferon, Interferon, Kipferon). With severe allergy symptoms, antihistamines are used.
Obligatory conditions for successful treatment will be: