Acute intestinal infections in children: the types, symptoms and tactics of treatment
Intestinal infections are very common among children. They are inferior in frequency of occurrence only ARVI. In toddlers, they occur more often than adults, and require qualitative treatment, since otherwise serious consequences are possible.
Consider how the intestinal infections in children are transmitted, manifested and manifested, what to do with such a disease to parents and how to restore the baby’s health after treatment.
Intestinal infections include a number of diseases provoked by viruses or bacteria. Infectious infection becomes the cause of vomiting, loose stool, and also a rise in temperature.
The incidence rate in childhood is much higher than in adults, which can be explained quite easily.
You can get infected by means of food, water, contact-household, air-drip or fecal-oral route. In simple words, in most cases, the baby’s body the infection penetrates through the mouth.
Also children are prone to illnesses in view of the immature digestive system and insufficiently hardened immunity. Penetrating the body of the child, the harmful microorganism begins to multiply rapidly.
The most susceptible to diseases are children at the age of 2-5 years. In children under one year of age, intestinal infections occur rarely due to breastfeeding. There are several ways of infection of the disease, so you can get infected from another child or an adult, for example, by airborne droplets.
They can also take blood tests for antibody titer growth in relation to one or another causative agent. Defines the reaction of immunity to infection. When the growth of antibodies is detected, it can be said that there is a disease. This method is used infrequently.
It may also be necessary express diagnostics, for example, an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and other measures performed in the laboratory. Koprologic analysis of feces helps to see how food, blood, mucus, and also the simplest microorganisms are digested.
Treatment in this case should be comprehensive. It includes the organization for the baby of a special diet, oral dehydration, as well as etiotropic pathogenetic and symptomatic therapy.
Therapeutic diet when intestinal infection in children should be aimed at reducing the amount of food consumed, increasing the number of meals, the use of mixtures with a protective effect, as well as eating a mashed food that is easily digested.
An important component is oral dehydration with glucose-brine solutions and active drinking. Such measures are carried out until the body ceases to lose liquid.