Encephalitis in children: how to recognize, treat and prevent
Encephalitis is common in children and adolescents because of the imperfection of the blood-brain barrier. This is the structure of immunity, which does not let in the brain the viruses and bacteria that cause its inflammation. With the development of the disease of life and health of the baby is in serious danger, therefore, at the first suspicious symptoms, parents should consult a doctor.
Encephalitis (encephalopathy) – inflammation of the brain substance. Eighty percent of the cases are children, adolescents and young people under the age of 18.
The causes of such inflammation are viral or bacterial infections, an infectious and allergic reaction is possible after vaccination.
Classification: primary, acute, infectious, viral, bacterial and other types of disease
There are such forms of encephalitis:
- primary – neurons (nerve cells) are affected from the first hours of the disease;
- secondary – the defeat of nerve cells occurs after 4-10 days or even 2-3 months after the onset of the underlying disease.
Encephalitis is a brain damage leading to its inflammation
Primary encephalitis, in turn, is divided into:
Specific prevention Is the creation of immunity by vaccination. They make inoculations from mosquito and tick-borne encephalitis.
Vaccination against tick-borne encephalitis is necessary for those living in the taiga regions of Siberia and the Far East (or if a trip is planned to this region). When planning a holiday in the resorts of Vietnam, Thailand, Cambodia, one should not forget about vaccination against mosquito encephalitis.
It happens that the tick is bitten by an unvaccinated child. In this situation, you need to enter gamma globulin. This drug will increase immunity, will bring the body's defenses into a state of alert. The possibility of developing the disease will decrease. If the infection still occurred, tick-borne encephalitis will proceed in a more mild form.
Individual prevention measures are also used:
- clothes with long sleeves and a hood, trousers, high boots;
- Protective ointments, spray, cream from ticks;
- a thorough examination of the skin after walking in nature.
In order to increase the overall immunity and resistance to diseases, it is necessary to prescribe immunomodulators, vitamin therapy, and carry out hardening procedures.
Encephalitis is a group of serious brain diseases of infectious or infectious-allergic origin, to which children are more prone. No one will treat this pathology at home, but parents should know the main symptoms in order to seek help in time. The earlier intensive therapy is started, the greater the chances of saving the child's life and restoring the impaired functions.