What is dangerous for acute bronchitis in children, its symptoms and treatment
Acute bronchitis is one of the most common childhood diseases. Most often, small children, aged between one and seven, suffer from this disease. How to treat it, and how to recognize the first symptoms of the disease? Can I use antibiotics, and will the folk remedies help?
Acute bronchitis is called inflammatory process, taking place in the bronchi and damaging the mucous membrane upper respiratory tract. It is caused by viruses and bacteria, as well as allergens and even toxins. When bacteria enter the respiratory tract, a large amount of mucus, covering the epithelium and clogging bronchi, is formed.
According to statistics of the Ministry of Health of Russia for 2014, The incidence of bronchitis in children from 0 to 14 years was 9,981 people. For comparison, in 2013 these figures were 11991 people. What is dangerous this disease?
Often bronchitis is a consequence of respiratory viral diseases, for example, ARVI or ARI, influenza. May occur as a result of bacterial infection (staphylococci and streptococci). Less commonly, bronchitis is allergic or parasitic. Sometimes the cause that caused the disease can be mixed, that is, both bacterial and infectious together.
The most common causes of acute bronchitis in children:
At a high temperature (38C and above) it is recommended to give antipyretic drugs: Paracetamol, Ibuphen or Ibuprofen. Good general condition of inhalation and antihistamines are well facilitated. Sometimes a course of antibiotics may be prescribed. Take such medications should be very carefully, and only in accordance with the prescriptions of the doctor.
As additional measures, it is recommended that full nutrition and consumption of large amounts of liquid (fruit drinks, juices, mineral water without gas, milk, various herbal teas and decoctions). In the absence of temperature, warming compresses can be made. Every day, a thorough wet cleaning and airing of the room is carried out.
Necessarily, physiotherapy and restorative massage are prescribed. With proper treatment, bronchitis passes for 15-20 days and does not cause complications.
Acute bronchitis is more common in preschool children. To prevent the appearance of the disease, It is necessary to strictly follow preventive measures:
- timely vaccination against the most common childhood diseases, against which bronchitis can develop;