Symptoms and treatment of sinusitis in children of different ages
The child is more exposed to the negative influence of the environment, because of the imperfection of immune protection, his body is not always able to cope with the bacteria that enter it. A very common problem in childhood is different types of sinusitis. At first glance, the situation is not complicated, but it necessarily requires treatment. Parents need to carefully monitor the condition of the baby, in time to note the deterioration of his condition and to suspect the development of sinusitis.
Sinusitis is a collective term that unites all the variants of the inflammation of the nasal sinuses of a person. The child is born only with fully formed latticed sinuses, with age develop and other – gaimorovy, frontal, wedge-shaped. Finally, all the sinuses are formed only by the age of seven, which causes an increasing risk of the disease.
Another factor favorably influencing the development of the disease is the presence in the sinuses, even in spite of their sufficient volumes, of very narrow outlets to the nasal cavity, and as soon as the mucous membrane becomes slightly swollen, they overlap, blocking the outflow of mucus and stimulating the inflammatory process.
Remark of the doctor: considering the peculiarities of the structure of the child’s organism, different types of sinusitis can develop only from a certain age. Even infants may be sick, but in this case the inflammation will affect the latticed sinuses. The probability of the development of inflammation of the maxillary sinuses arises from the age of one and a half to two years. Other forms of sinusitis occur much later (lesion of the frontal sinus – after 5 years, the main, wedge of the sinus – after 10). These age frames are approximate, they are described only on the basis of the rate of development of certain paranasal sinuses.
Coping with the chronic form of the disease can be, but this will take more time and effort. In this case, it is necessary to solve two main tasks: to restore the permeability of the mouth of the sinuses and to neutralize the causative agent of the disease.
Specific drugs, dosages and treatment should be prescribed exclusively by a doctor.
Antibiotics (prescribed only for the bacterial nature of sinusitis)
Amoxicilin, Cephalosporin (acute form), Penicillin (chronic form or severe course). Local preparations based on antibiotics (eg, Bioparox).
Antibiotics are not recommended for children under the age of one year
Macrolides - only from the age of 8 years.
The average course of treatment is 10 to 14 days.
NazolKids, Otritin, Vibrocil for children.
An aerosol form is preferred. The most safe for children are drugs with xylometazoline (for example, ForNos).
May be addictive.
Many drugs of this group are contraindicated for children under 2 years.
The duration of the course is no more than 5 consecutive days.
Antiseptic drops (for removal of the inflammatory process)
Long-term use is addictive.
Treatment lasts 5-7 days.
Antihistamines (in the event that the sinusitis was formed against the background of an allergy)
Assigned in the form of syrup.