Inflammation of the lungs or pneumonia in children: symptoms, the first signs, tactics of therapy
The main function of the lungs is to perform gas exchange, during which carbon dioxide is released and the blood is saturated with oxygen. The movement of air through the branched paths of the lungs is accompanied by its purification from microorganisms, various harmful impurities and minute dust particles.
Any violation of balanced work leads to difficulty breathing and problems with normal ventilation of the lungs. As a result, pneumonia can occur – a dangerous disease that is still on the list of diseases that often lead to death. Especially when it comes to children.
Inflammation of the lungs or pneumonia is a disease that occurs when focal lesions of various parts of the lungs. Regardless of the type and form, there is a presence of respiratory disorders and infiltrative changes, fixed with the help of chest radiograph.
The most common in children under two years old and adults who have reached retirement age. At the same time, the risk of developing the disease increases in other age groups, depending on the predisposition of the body, the environmental conditions, the presence of acute and chronic diseases.
Physicians note that the frequency of diagnosis is at the highest level in early childhood and preschool years. During these periods, the number of cases of pneumonia reaches forty per thousand small patients. Gradually, as you grow up and move into the senior school and adolescence, there is a significant reduction in the incidence of pneumonia.
According to the above symptoms and signs, we can assume the development of pneumonia in infants (up to a year) and small preschool children.
At the older age, if children are suspected of pneumonia, attention should be paid not only to dry or with a sputum discharge green cough, but also on such signs as:
The presence of even a minimal number of symptoms suggesting pneumonia, requires urgent action. Self-treatment is unacceptable.
The first thing that adults should do - call an ambulance and pediatrician. Be sure to notify doctors if the baby's teeth are chopped, that the temperature exceeds the mark of 38 degrees.
How to determine the initial manifestations of the disease, to understand that the child is likely to have pneumonia, how it starts, develops and manifests, look at the video: