Sleepwalking in children – an innocuous phenomenon or a serious disease?
Sleepwalking is considered an unusual and frightening phenomenon, especially if it occurs in childhood. Despite numerous statements, this state has nothing to do with the moon and its phases. Although the night light and has a strong influence on many processes in our body, however, sleepwalking in children has a different nature. What are the reasons for this phenomenon? Is the baby needed treatment?
Sleepwalking is an unconscious walk during sleep with active activities. Children can talk, open doors, turn on the light. From the outside, this behavior looks quite adequate and purposeful.
In medicine, pathology is called somnambulism, sleepiness. According to statistics, this condition occurs in 2% of the world’s population, mainly in children (1.5%). A child suffering from sleepwalking, experts call somnambul.
According to the doctors, 30% of kids at least once in their life went to sleep. And this condition is more common in boys than in girls.
Pleasure occurs with incomplete awakening in the deep phase of slow sleep. At this time the body is in such a state, when he seems to have woken up, but actually still asleep. The child’s eyes are usually open, breathing is intermittent, he can perform any actions, talk, although he does not realize this in his account. This condition can last 5 minutes, and sometimes up to an hour. After nocturnal walking the baby goes to bed, but in another place.
Sleepwalking often becomes a manifestation of a strong emotional experience of the child. The task of parents is to help them cope with their problems, rather than create additional stress.
With long and frequent episodes of asphyxia, which are accompanied by complex actions, and also affect the behavior of the child during the day, medicamentous treatment is necessarily prescribed. Parents should remember that they are strictly forbidden to give medicines to their children.
When identifying symptoms of somnambulism, you need to seek help from a pediatric neurologist. After carefully conducted examination and identify the cause of unusual behavior, treatment is prescribed. The choice of drugs depends only on the mental and neurological status of the child.
If the underlying cause of neurosis is depression, depression, emotional susceptibility, you will most likely need a consultation from a psychotherapist who can prescribe sedatives and restoratives.
In the case of detection of CNS diseases treatment is aimed at eliminating the underlying disease. With epilepsy, anticonvulsants are needed.
In the complex therapy of sleepwalking, children use nootropic drugs that help to accelerate the maturation of the mechanisms of sleep regulation.
Sometimes, sleeping is associated with taking certain medications, so it is recommended to stop using them for a time or to adjust the therapy.