Correct recognition and treatment of herpes sore throat in a child
Herpes sore throat (herpangina) is a common disease among children. Almost every child at least once suffered it. The name of the disease was given long ago, when it was not possible to investigate its pathogens.
By the nature of the rash on the throat, it could be assumed that the sore throat is herpes simplex. After the appearance of the opportunity to conduct microscopic studies, it was revealed that the causative agents of the disease are not herpes viruses, but enteroviruses (sometimes echoviruses). But the name of the disease was fixed as herpes sore throat.
In general, it affects children 3-10 years. After the transfer of this form of tonsillitis in the body produced a strong immunity to it.
In infants, herpes sore throat is rare. In his body, antibodies are still present, which he receives with breast milk. They form passive immunity against a number of diseases.
In 95% of cases, Coxsackie enteroviruses of groups A or B become the cause of the disease. Cytomegalovirus, the herpesvirus type 6, the Epstein-Barr virus may be less common. But mostly they amaze adults. Angina caused by these forms of viruses will have an atypical clinical picture.
The source of the disease is a vector of the virus or a sick person. There are several ways to infect:
To relieve swelling of the larynx, in which the child is difficult to breathe and swallow food, are appointed antihistamines funds (Fenistil, Suprastin, Erius, Zirtek, Claritin).
To improve the protective functions of the body are useful immunomodulators (Immunon, Immunal). They are recommended to be taken during the period of easing of symptoms, as these drugs can cause an exacerbation of the disease.
Local children can be registered means for rinsing the oral cavity, ointments and gels with analgesic and antiseptic action. Local remedies promote the regeneration of tissues in the presence of sores, relieve pain. With severe pain, the throat can be treated with a solution of lidocaine 2%.
Throughout the entire period of therapy should saturate the baby's body with vitamins. For this it is useful to give him broths of wild rose, lemon, honey (in the absence of allergies to beekeeping products).
More about the symptoms and treatment of herpetic sore throat (herpangina) and other diseases of enterovirus nature in children is told by Dr. Komarovsky on video:
If the therapy of herpes sore throat is performed correctly, then the disease recedes already after 7-12 days. At the child who has transferred or carried gerpaginu, lifelong immunity is developed. Repeated infection is excluded in 90% of cases. But the probability of relapse increases with stressful situations or with a significant decrease in immunity.