Treatment of hypoglycemia and emergency care
For the timely provision of the first emergency care, a quick and accurate diagnosis of hypoglycemia in children and adolescents is necessary. Signs of hypoglycemia in patients with diabetes should necessarily confirm the blood glucose test. Blood monitoring can be performed at home using special glucometers. A small needle or a lancet is used to stab a finger or other alternative area of the body. Then a small drop of blood is collected on the test strip, which is inserted into the tester. The device with the help of the program built in it calculates and displays the blood glucose level for reading on the screen.
Although individual parameters and daily fluctuations in blood glucose should be determined by the physician and displayed in the child’s medical history, at home these studies are necessary in order to keep the indicators as close as possible to the normal level. In the physiological state, the blood sugar level before meals should range from 5 to 7.2 mmol / L. Glucose levels that are below 3.9 mmol / l are generally considered to be signs of hypoglycemia. Consider that after eating, the sugar level rises. For a short time, this phenomenon can be observed even in completely healthy people.
In order to diagnose reactive hypoglycemia in patients without diabetes, a blood test should be performed at a time when the child is experiencing its symptoms. If the blood glucose level is 3.9 mmol / L or lower, with the main symptoms subsiding after eating or drinking sweet drinks, a diagnosis of reactive hypoglycemia is made.