Seborrheic dermatitis or milk crust in small patients
Young mothers are very worried about their children. Undoubtedly, the changed appearance of the skin of a child with seborrheic dermatitis is very frightening. The disease is most often found in infancy, but nevertheless sometimes affects older age groups.
The disease has a fungal etiology. Mushrooms need growth, and for this are located near the sebaceous glands, where they feed on their secret. On the scalp live Pityrosporumovale mushroom, and on the body – Pityrosporum orbiculare. They are non-pathogenic and always present on healthy skin.
If the immunity of a person falls, or the protective functions of the skin are broken, the sebaceous glands begin to produce more sebum, the fungal flora becomes active and ceases to be in the form of spores, thereby initiating rapid growth and reproduction. An increase in the number of fungi provokes an inflammatory process of skin areas.
There is a hypothesis that the mother’s hormones that remain in the child’s body after childbirth can stimulate the synthesis of sebum. Genetics also affects the development of the disease. Often, to trigger factors, doctors include neurological diseases.
Hygienic conditions, such as dirty diapers, a rare bathing of a child, stuffy, dusty residences play an important role in the etiology of seborrheic dermatitis.
There are two types of seborrheic dermatitis:
- Bold – accompanied by the allocation of more fat. More often a typical place of localization is a nasolabial fold.
- Dry – characteristic drying of the skin, abundant peeling.