Influenza in children: symptoms and treatment
Influenza in children (Grippus) Is an acute viral disease characterized by extremely high infectiousness, symptoms of specific intoxication and inflammation of the respiratory tract.
The name of the disease comes from the French word gripper. For a long time the disease was called the influenza (from the Latin word to invade). For the first time the disease described Hippocrates, the main symptoms: fever, weakness, persistent cough, inflammation of throat and eyes.
Influenza viruses are unstable to chemical and physical factors, they break down at room temperature for several hours, while at low temperatures (-25 ° C to -70 ° C) several years remain; quickly die with heating, drying, and also with the action of small concentrations of chlorine, ozone, ultraviolet radiation.
The maximum infectiousness is observed in the first days of illness, when when coughing and sneezing with droplets of mucus virus is released into the external environment. Isolation of the virus in the complicated course ends by 5-6 days from the onset of the disease. At the same time, with pneumonia, which complicates the course of the flu, the virus appears in the body up to 2-3 weeks from the onset of the disease. Seasonal flu affects all groups of people, has a certain seasonality, the maximum incidence falls on the winter season. After the transferred disease, a stable type- and strain-specific immunity is formed, repeated diseases are caused by a new serovariant of the influenza virus.