Rabies anti rabies vaccine for humans
The antirabic vaccine is designed to protect people from rabies virus, transmitted with saliva when bitten by sick animals. Rabies is a fatal disease for a person that does not respond to treatment. Only the timely introduction of a vaccine against rabies can prevent a fatal outcome.
Rabies is caused by viruses genus Lyssavirus family Rhabdoviridae. The main vectors of the disease are wild animals and bats. Infection occurs through the infected saliva of a sick animal, after a bite, which through the damaged human skin enters the virus into the blood. Then the infectious agent spreads through the neural pathways, reaching the nerve cells of the spinal cord and the cerebral cortex, causing acute encephalitis. The lethal outcome occurs 7-10 days after the onset of the first symptoms of the disease. The cause of death is paralysis of the respiratory center. The incubation period is from 10 days to 3-7 weeks.
In highly developed countries, rabies cases are very rare due to vaccination of domestic animals against the virus. In past years, the main source of human disease were dogs, through the bite of which the infection with the rabies virus was occurring. Some time later, the number of sick dogs decreased and the main carrier was bats. The only place where there is no rabies virus are the Hawaiian Islands.
Cases of the rabies virus are recorded worldwide. Particularly common in developing countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America. In the UK almost completely got rid of the outbreaks of this disease. In many countries with a low level of economic development, foci of rabies are periodically recorded. This is due to insufficiently organized control of vaccination of people and animals. According to WHO statistics, about 10-12 million people worldwide receive timely anti-rabies care every year, and approximately 35,000 people (mostly children) die from rabies.
During the reception of a series of vaccines, it is recommended to refrain from taking antimalarial medicines.
My name is Julia. I decided to associate my life with medicine, namely pediatrics. My love for children is boundless. I can say that I was lucky in my life.