Pulse in children of different ages: the measurement rules, the norm and the causes of the deviations
Pulse is an important indicator of the health status of every person, especially children. Because the deviation of the parameters of the heartbeat from the norm may indicate the development of quite serious diseases. In which cases should an alarm be sounded, and when changes in the pulse indicate a correct course of physiological processes?
Pulse or heart rate – jerky vibrations of the walls of blood vessels, caused by contraction of the heart muscle. He is the main indicator of the work of the heart. Pulse is evaluated by several parameters:
- Frequency – the number of heartbeats per minute. This value is the most significant when assessing the state of the body. It depends on many different factors, and the girls beat heart more often than boys.
- Rhythm. The length of intervals between heart beats is measured. If they are equal, the pulse is considered to be rhythmic, otherwise it is arrhythmic.
- Filling is the amount of blood in the vessel. It is determined at the peak of cardiac contraction. Distinguish the pulse:
- moderate – the norm;
- full – above the norm;
- empty – hardly audible;
- threadlike – ill-defined.
- Voltage. Evaluate the strength with which the artery is pinched. Distinguish:
The obtained indicators allow to assess the quality of the cardiovascular system and the organism as a whole, and also in the early stages to suspect the development of a number of diseases. In an absolutely healthy child, the pulse is rhythmic, filled, moderately strained.