Psoriasis in children
Psoriasis (translated from the Greek psora – means itching) Is a chronic non-infectious skin disease characterized by the appearance of inflammatory foci covered with silver-white scales.
Normally, skin cells – keratinocytes are updated every 28-30 days. If the disease of psoriasis develops in children, then the immune system activates and stimulates T-lymphocytes, which leads to the release of a large number of proteins of the acute phase of inflammation. Macrophages and neutrophils migrate to the skin, which ultimately leads to excessive proliferation of keratinocytes within 2-3 days. Since the skin is not able to lose the keratinizing epithelium so quickly, new cells raise it in the form of plaques when actively multiplying.
There are 3 degrees of severity of psoriasis in children:
- easy – pathological process affects less than 5% of the skin surface;
- mean – with a lesion of 5-30%;
- heavy degree – with the involvement of more than 30% of the skin in the process.
Currently, there is no treatment against this disease. The disease of psoriasis in children can have a serious impact on the baby’s body: the joints of the hands and feet are affected, so that children can not walk and play. Very often, the immune system is damaged. Psoriatic plaques disfigure the body of children, as a result of which they experience psychological discomfort, their self-esteem is lowered, depression may develop.