Treatment and prevention of rickets in children
The diagnosis of rickets, whose treatment is aimed at eliminating negative factors, requires immediate medical attention. They undergo a long-term comprehensive treatment, including means aimed at eliminating the causes of the disease and the pathological changes that have developed in the child’s body. Traditionally, the treatment is divided into nonspecific and specific. Nonspecific treatment includes rational nutrition, organization of a sparing regimen, prolonged exposure to fresh air, stimulation of motor activity, daily hygienic baths alternately with medicinal baths – coniferous, salt. Coniferous baths are shown to patients with increased excitability, salt baths – with a predominance of lethargy, lack of mobility.
The rational nutrition of a sick child is organized according to his age and differs from that of a healthy child by the fact that fruit and vegetable juices, lures, which should be predominantly vegetable, are earlier introduced for 1-1.5 months, which helps to eliminate acidosis.
Treatment and prevention of rickets in children should be carried out in a timely and constant manner throughout the first year of the child’s life.
Treatment of rickets in infants begins with the correction of their diet. When breastfeeding prematurely ill with rickets, children during the treatment are prescribed calcium preparations (calcium glycerophosphate at 0.05 g in the first and 0.1 g in the second half of the year or calcium gluconate at 0.15-0 D5 g 2 times a day) for 1-1,5 months. In order to reduce acidosis, normalize metabolic processes, activate acid metabolism, multivitamins C, B ,, B2, B4, A are prescribed, magnesium preparations (asparcam, panangin, carnitine at age dosage for 2-3 weeks.