Adaptation of children with diabetes mellitus among their peers
Undoubtedly, the fact that a child has such a disease as type 1 diabetes mellitus can significantly affect the adaptation in the team.
As a child grows, he develops a certain special attitude towards his illness, which in turn forms a personality and leads to a change in the emotional sphere. The severity of these changes depends entirely on how the child relates to their disease.
It is almost impossible to form in the child the right attitude to social moments of life without specialized care. In the end, the lack of such help can lead to psychological problems and mental illness in the future.
For some, these troubles are expressed in a sense of contradiction to everything that adults offer for the sake of health and well-being. Others, on the contrary, control their condition very carefully and meticulously, which comes to some phobic states.
Directions for the prevention of abnormalities in children with diabetes mellitus (DM)
From the directions of prevention of diabetes mellitus are allocated mainly:
- work with family;
- work with medical personnel;
- work with teachers.
Individual and group work is carried out, both with children separately, and together with parents. At these lessons, wrong attitudes toward the illness are corrected, false representations and fears are debunked. Here they try to expand the sphere of the child's interests and switch his attention to something more interesting and entertaining. Be sure to pay attention to the formation of communication skills and try to increase the underestimated self-esteem of the child.
For small patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, the disease is a chronic psychological trauma that does not pass without a trace. At the same time, if the parents act incorrectly on their part, the child develops an internal conflict and prolonged stress, which affects not only the flow of diabetes, but also the psychological state.
Psycho-preventive care for children of primary school age with an adequate attitude towards the disease is carried out in this way. These children perceive the disease most adequately, the above described two types of small patients, but they have anxious experiences, fears, fear for future health and the possibility of disability. Virtually all children with such an attitude towards the disease have diabetes in the stage of compensation or subcompensation.