Symptoms and therapy of viral epidemic paralysis, or Poliomyelitis in children
Poliomyelitis – the name of this dangerous disease is familiar to every mother, thanks to the vaccination calendar. Vaccination against poliomyelitis is recommended for all children, since not so long ago the epidemics of this ailment raged all over the world.
So far, epidemic infantile paralysis, as poliomyelitis is otherwise called, has not been completely defeated. While on earth there is at least one carrier of this disease – the threat of a new outbreak of infection is quite real.
The name poliomyelitis comes from two Greek words, literally denoting the gray brain, which indicates the main area of damage in this disease – gray matter of the spinal cord.
Sometimes poliomyelitis is called epidemic childhood paralysis, and the name is not accidental: the majority of cases are children under 5 years of age, every tenth child subsequently suffers from irreversible paralysis and muscle paresis.
Over the last three decades in the world the incidence of this disease has significantly decreased. In 2014, only 359 people were registered, while in the mid-1980s there were about 400,000 patients. The number of countries in which poliomyelitis remains unconquered so far has declined from 125 in 1988 to 2 in 2014.
Despite this, The real threat of falling ill with poliomyelitis exists for every child on our planet, until the last virus is cured.