Urticaria in children: photos, features, symptoms and treatment, methods of prevention
Urticaria refers to one of the most common childhood diseases of allergic origin. Diagnosis of this disease can parents themselves – on the skin of the child there are extensive red rashes that can not be overlooked. Usually this disease occurs in children up to the age of three, but it often occurs in adolescents, and even in adults.
Consider the reasons for the appearance, all the symptoms, how the urticaria looks like in children on the photo, what tactics and prognosis of treatment, measures to prevent this allergic rash.
Urticaria in children is a an allergic reaction to the skin, which proceeds with the formation of a rash in the form of itching blisters.
The disease is formed as a result of delayed or instantaneous hypersensitivity in response to internal or external stimuli.
Reacting to an allergen, the mast cells of the skin emit a significant amount of the substance, which causes signs of an inflammatory process. In this case, the capillaries expand, the permeability of the vessels increases, provoking the removal of the liquid on the surface of the tissues.
Hives in children almost always develops in the form of allergies under the influence of an external stimulus. If the allergen is not detected in a timely manner, the condition of the baby will gradually deteriorate, which is fraught with the appearance of skin edema and the development of hypersensitivity of the epithelium. If the disease is acute, there is a risk of developing Quincke’s edema.
If the rash is accompanied by such symptoms, parents are required to take the following first aid measures:
- Eliminate the irritant - remove the animal, stop feeding or use some medicine that caused allergies.
If the disease occurs in a child very often, it is recommended to reduce it to a pediatrician, which, if necessary, will write a direction to the dermatologist. To make an accurate diagnosis, you will need to undergo a series of examinations.
Primary examination is conducted in the dermatologist's office. An experienced physician will have only one general examination of a small patient to fix the diagnosis. To determine the allergen will need to undergo additional tests: