Symptoms and photos of the initial stage of rubella in children: the danger can not be underestimated
Currently, a virus disease, such as rubella, is extremely rare and is considered quite innocuous for children. And really, babies easily and without any consequences carry it.
However, this disease is not as simple as it seems at first glance. In some cases, it can be dangerous. To protect the child from infection, it is important to know the features of its transmission, the causes, symptoms and reliable ways of protection.
Rubella is an infectious disease caused by a particular group of viruses from the genus Rubivirus. First, pathogens get into the body through the upper respiratory tract. Further, the viruses move to the lymph nodes, where, multiplying, they accumulate in large numbers. Then they penetrate into the blood and spread almost throughout the body.
Disease is expressed in such basic symptoms as enlarged lymph nodes and rash all over the body. It is worth saying that the immune system is able to cope with the viruses of this infection. Ill children become resistant to lifelong immunity against this disease.
Currently, due to widespread vaccination of children, cases of the disease are extremely rare. Babies can be vaccinated already at the age of 1 year. Therefore, the most commonly affected infants vaccination are children from 2 to 7 years, and in rare cases – children up to a year old.
Diagnosing in children rubella on the first day of the disease is quite difficult, as it starts and manifests itself with rather nonspecific symptoms. At an early stage it can be confused with scarlet fever, measles, and in the absence of a rash - with the usual ARI.
Therefore, with an increase in temperature, the onset of headache, runny nose and other nonspecific symptoms, you should not hesitate and call a pediatrician at home. The specialist will establish an accurate diagnosis and prescribe the necessary treatment.
Without waiting for the arrival of a doctor, at the first suspicion of infection it is necessary to isolate the child, because the disease is very contagious. You should also provide the baby with bed rest.
To distinguish the disease from measles can only be after the appearance on the body of the rash. With rubella, the spots are smaller. Also, they do not cause severe itching and practically do not form fused groups. In addition, specks have a characteristic bulge in the form of small nodules.
It is especially important to recognize rubella in children before the year in time, because it poses the greatest danger for them. The fact is that during the period of intrauterine development newborn receives antibodies to infections from the mother. After the birth of this stock, he suffices to develop his own immune system.