Parodontitis of teeth in children
There is an erroneous opinion that periodontitis is a disease that affects only the elderly. However, this is not entirely true, periodontitis can also affect a teenager.
Periodontitis is an infection of soft tissues and bone tissue surrounding the root of the tooth. If left untreated, this can lead to very serious consequences – the teeth will begin to stagger and fall out.
Parodontitis in children usually occurs as a result of the formation and growth of plaque, an invisible sticky layer of microbes, which is naturally formed on the teeth and tongue. Dental plaque contains bacteria that release toxins, the action of which leads to irritation and damage to the gums.
Hundreds of varieties of bacterial flora inhabit the oral cavity, so fighting plaque is your daily task, which can not be postponed until tomorrow. That is why, your day should begin and end with a date with a toothbrush and a thread. And do not forget about regular checks at the dentist.
The probability of periodontitis in adolescents can be influenced by various factors. One of the factors that increases the likelihood of periodontitis is a genetic predisposition. Also important is the diet, if the teenager regularly runs into the supermarket to buy a bottle of carbonated sweet drink and a bag of chips, then, of course, this increases the risk of the disease. You probably know that sugar is bad for the teeth, but not everyone is aware that products with starch content also contribute to the erosion of tooth enamel. Therefore, after a similar snack, you need, at least, to rinse your mouth with warm water.
Graft. If the gum tissue is severely damaged in order to sew it together, the dentist will take a piece of healthy gum from another part of the oral cavity and sew on the affected area.
When treating periodontitis, it is especially important to pay close attention to oral hygiene. You should quit smoking, avoid eating sweet drinks, chips and other unhealthy foods, brush your teeth with a toothbrush or floss every day.
Generally, the emergence and development of parodntitis can be prevented. In the prevention of periodontitis, the following measures will help you:
- Brush your teeth twice a day for at least three minutes.
- Brush your teeth with toothpaste with fluoride content.
- Use a toothbrush with a soft bristle, since soft bristles less irritate or damage the gum tissue. Change the toothbrush every 3-4 months.
- Proper balanced nutrition. Avoid the use of chips, French fries, sweet rolls and carbonated drinks, since such food promotes intensive growth and reproduction of bacteria in the oral cavity.
- Do not smoke. Cigarettes and chewing tobacco cause irritation of the soft tissues of the mouth and are very harmful to the gums and tooth enamel.
- Regular checks at the dentist and removal of calculus 1-2 times a year.