Sleep disorders in the child and nightmares in children
Nightmares in children are more common at an early age. Sleep disorder in a child can manifest as a partial disorder or a disease such as parasomnia. Manifestations of fear begin in the first phase of deep sleep, usually within the first hour after falling asleep. If the child has nightmares, his body is tense and elongated, sometimes there is a reflex change in the position of the sleeping baby. He sits down in bed. Fears are accompanied by a loud cry and inconsolable crying. These phenomena are associated with the inconsistency of individual parts of the brain. In this case, slowed down inhibition of motor activity is observed against the background of increased lability of the stage of relaxation of physiological reactions.
Nightmares in children can not be called a child’s fantasy or the conjectures of too caring parents. This is a physiological phenomenon of a hallucinatory nature, when the overexcited brain of a child can not go into the stage of inhibition. As a consequence, there is increased mental excitability in the first stage of deep sleep.
Approximately 1/3 of the children, suffering from nightmares, show increased motor activity. They can kick their feet in a panic and wave their arms, try to get up and run, while not leaving the deep stage of sleep. Subsequently, they can form sleepwalking or parasomnia.
This condition is characterized by the desire of the baby to move around, are in a state of sleep. At the same time, his eyes can be wide open. But the pupils, as a rule, are dilated and do not react to movements in front of them. It is not easy to wake a child, he does not recognize people around him, does not orient himself in space, does not understand where he is.