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Myopia in a child from 1 year to 3 years: the causes and methods of diagnosing myopia in a child

Myopia in a child: the causes, development and course of the disease before the age of 1 year and older

Short-sightedness (or myopia) is a pathology in which a person can not see far-away objects. The disease can occur at any age. At the first signs of the development of eye disease, it is worthwhile to see a doctor.

Vision problems occur in every second person. In myopia the eye has an elongated shape, while the image is formed before the retina (in people with good vision, the image is focused in the retina of the eye).

About the development of the disease speak in the case when the sharpness of the eyes has a figure below 1.

In medicine, it is customary to distinguish the following degrees of myopia:

The exact reasons why the disease manifests, have not yet been clarified. Therefore, experts identify the risk factors that contribute to the development of myopia. In newborns this can be:

  • heredity (in the risk group children whose parents wear glasses);
  • premature fetus (in 50% of cases eye diseases develop);

  • congenital anomaly of the eyes (the causes may be the presence of serious diseases in the mother during pregnancy, fetal hypoxia, lack of nutrients during the development of the fetus, etc.);

    Myopia (nearsightedness) in a child in 1, 2, or 3 years may be due to:

    • constant overexertion of the eyes (poor lighting of the desk, prolonged sitting at the computer, etc.);

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