Types of astigmatism in children: mixed, congenital and other forms of the disease
With astigmatism in children, visual acuity is impaired. There are different forms of the disease, some are characterized by the development of hyperopia, when children do not distinguish the subject very closely. Other forms indicate short-sightedness, in this situation, the children can hardly distinguish things located far away. It is also possible to develop a mixed form of the disease (one long-sighted eye, and the other, short-sighted).
Disease can occur at any age, because the organs of vision are formed before the age of 18. The disease is congenital or acquired due to injuries, eye surgery, infectious diseases, etc.
Deformation can affect one eye or both. Depending on these characteristics, several major types of astigmatism are distinguished in ophthalmology.
With this form, hyperopia develops. Ophthalmologists believe that all children are born with this pathology. It is considered the norm, usually up to 7 – 10 years, vision is normalized. But there are cases when the disease remains, then it must be treated.
In young children it is difficult to recognize the disease, they do not understand what they see vaguely, so they rarely complain to their parents.
It is difficult for children to consider any object located near. They can not focus their eyesight and often suffer from headaches or dizziness.