Do I need to vaccinate children? all for; and, against, which mother must take into account
Preventive vaccinations are considered one of the greatest achievements of medical science, designed to preserve the health of children and adults from many dangerous diseases. The essence of vaccination is to introduce a weakened virus to the child, after which his immune system becomes immune to a particular disease. However, in reality everything may not be so simple, it’s not for nothing that the question of whether children should be vaccinated is so acute for many parents and even medical workers.
The first data on vaccinations were mentioned in medical treatises in the eighth century. Then Hindu doctors were interested in preventing infectious epidemics in hot and arid climates. In Europe, then domination of religion prevailed, while the level of hygiene was extremely low, and scientific progress was completely absent.
More recently, the requirements for vaccinating children were so severe that without a necessary list of vaccinations the child was not taken to preschool. This was done with good reason, because many of the diseases from which the vaccine is administered are deadly. However, if before people’s trust in vaccination was very strong and unconditional, today it has been somewhat shaken. But nonetheless, a large number of people continue to insist on vaccination, giving weighty arguments. It turns out that responsibility in this matter lies entirely with the parents, and it is not so easy to make the right decision.
Vaccinations are made to children in accordance with the existing vaccination calendar, which includes:
- vaccination against hepatitis B - done in the first hours of the child's life. Repeated vaccination is carried out at the age of one month and six months;
- BCG - Inoculation against tuberculosis is also done in the first days of life;
- DTP - vaccine against pertussis, diphtheria and tetanus is carried out together with mandatory vaccination against poliomyelitis.
After the first year of life, the list of vaccinations is supplemented. Parents should be aware that the success of vaccination is largely influenced by factors such as:
- health status of the child at the time of vaccination;
- quality of vaccine used - in modern preparations, both live and dead microbes can be used;
- qualification of a medical officer, inoculation.
When vaccination is already done, it is important to follow some recommendations. The nutrition of the child should be moderate, and the drink abundant. It is advisable to limit contacts with strangers, but not to refuse to walk in the fresh air. If the temperature rises or other complications occur, the child should be shown to the doctor.