Features of pneumonia in neonates
The newborn child does not yet have a stable immunity, its organs and tissues adapt to the environmental conditions in the first month of life. Any infection that got into the body of a baby at this time, can lead to a serious illness and consequences, sometimes with a fatal outcome. Infectious process in pneumonia, including intrauterine, is dangerous in that it affects not only the lung tissue, but it can spread throughout the body. Knowing the causes, manifestations and measures of disease prevention, you can avoid serious complications.
Pneumonia of newborns (inflammation of the lungs) is an infectious disease of lung tissue in children in the first 28 days of life with characteristic symptoms of intoxication and changes in the respiratory system.
With inflammation of the lungs, the alveoli become secret and cease to function
At risk are:
- premature babies (born less than 38 weeks of gestation);
- children with intrauterine growth retardation (body weight less than 2500 g);
- children born by cesarean section.
In addition, a number of factors significantly increases the likelihood of developing the disease in crumbs, for example:
- hypoxia of the fetus (oxygen starvation). It occurs as a result of a lack of oxygen in the blood of the mother, placental insufficiency (lack of oxygen to the fetus through the vessels of the placenta);
- aspiration syndrome, when during the inhalation the child gets into the respiratory tract a part of the amniotic fluid;
- birth trauma;
- hypoxia in labor – a long anhydrous period (more than 24 hours);
- infectious diseases of the mother’s urogenital and respiratory systems;
- malformations of the lungs (bronchopulmonary dysplasia).