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Hyperopia in children: features of treatment, diagnostic methods in a child from 1 to 7 years old

Hyperopia in children: why does the disease occur and how is it treated?

Farsightedness; impaired vision, which is characterized by the inability to clearly distinguish between objects that are nearby, while in the distance a person sees normally. It is also known as hypermetropia. Quite often this problem occurs in children, and it is necessary to understand when it is the norm, and when – the deviation.

The reasons and methods for treating hyperopia in children under one year, from 2 to 6, and over 7 years old, we will tell in our material.

In a small degree, hyperopia, as a rule, does not cause doctors to fear, Since the child is actively growing, his eyes are also growing rapidly, the formation of a physiological relationship between the various structures in the eyeball is taking place.

As a rule, the farsightedness of a child disappears at the age of 3-4 years. If this does not happen, treatment is prescribed. The age limit, which is considered the so-called limit between the norm and the deviation, is the age when the child goes to school.

This can be explained by the fact that even in the primary classes, the child’s vision organs will be subjected to serious stresses that can lead to rapid progression of pathology.

Physiological is called hyperopia, in which the values ​​do not exceed three diopters; only such a decrease in vision of the child’s body is able to compensate for its reserves.

If in the process of the first comprehensive examination of the organs of vision, which usually children undergo at the age of one year, the child shows a high degree of farsightedness, appropriate treatment is needed. This will make it possible to avoid a number of negative consequences in the future.

It is common to divide the farsightedness into three main types:

  • Medium shape (vision up to five diopters);

  • Elevated form (anomaly in the eyesight of more than five diopters).

  • If pathological visual impairments were found only on one eye, then the exercises should be done, closing the healthy eye. To do this, you can use a white sheet of paper.

    From conservative methods of therapy, medications for vision for internal administration can be prescribed. Most of them are drops, quickly absorbed and begin to act.

    Often the problem lies in local processes, and The drops in this case cope with it. Preparations improve the eyesight and nutrition of the eyeball, they contain vitamins and nutrients.

    A number of drops refers to medicines, others to biologically active additives.

    The medicines used for this problem are divided into the following groups:

    • Healing drops with vitamins and enzymes in the composition (Yodurol, Vitacofol, Quinaks).
  • Drops with vitamins A, C and E in the composition (Ophthalmologist focus, Viziomax, Adruzin Zinko).

  • Drops with riboflavin in the composition (reduce the risk of developing eye pathologies).

  • Preparations with pyridoxine, which usually occurs in combination with vitamins A and E.
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