How to recognize sinusitis in a child?
Much to our regret, the organism of our children often suffers from virus or catarrhal diseases, which can be
inopportune moment. Very often, a common cold or acute respiratory disease after a completed course of treatment does not end with a complete recovery, and it happens that after a while the child complains of headaches, a stuffy nose. What is the reason? – perhaps it sinusitis, which is quite common among children of different ages. Do not ignore these symptoms, it is better to seek help from a doctor – an otolaryngologist, who, after collecting an anamnesis, examining the child will be able to confirm or deny the diagnosis.
Unlike influenza or ARI, sinusitis can not be infected, it refers to secondary diseases that arise as a complication after other diseases.
Sinusitis – an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the maxillary sinus. Probably, many parents do not say much about it, so let’s try to talk more about this ailment.
In simple terms, maxillary sinusitis is an incomplete rhinitis (rhinitis), which can be noted both with colds and infectious diseases. According to statistical studies, more than 5% of children suffer from sinusitis after a cold. The peak of the disease occurs more often in the autumn or winter, when there is a significant decrease in immunity.
In more severe cases, a puncture of the maxillary sinus or puncture is performed. Such procedures are performed only for children older than 6 years under local anesthesia. In the process of piercing, the doctor injects a solution of antibiotics and disinfectants directly into the focus of inflammation. This method is most effective, but very often after puncture, pus accumulates anew.
Untimely or substandard treatment of sinusitis can lead to complications that can be divided into two groups. The first group includes violations related to ENT - organs and respiratory system:
- Chronic sinusitis;
- Inflammatory processes in the pharynx and tonsils;
- Bronchitis, pneumonia;
- Otitis (inflammation of the middle ear).
Another group of complications of sinusitis include damage to other organs and systems:
- Meningitis (inflammation of the cerebral cortex of the brain);
- Encephalitis (brain damage);
- Myocarditis (heart attack);
- Rheumatism, rheumatoid arthritis (joint damage);
- Nephritis (kidney disease);